Enterpreneurship

80,000 Hours Podcast with Rob Wiblin

The 80000 Hours team

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A show about the world's most pressing problems and how you can use your career to solve them. Subscribe by searching for '80,000 Hours' wherever you get podcasts. Hosted by Rob Wiblin, Director of Research at 80,000 Hours.

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#51 - Martin Gurri on the revolt of the public & crisis of authority in the information age

2:31:10 | Jan 29th

Politics in rich countries seems to be going nuts. What's the explanation? Rising inequality? The decline of manufacturing jobs? Excessive immigration? Martin Gurri spent decades as a CIA analyst and in his 2014 book The Revolt of The Public and Cris...Show More

#54 - OpenAI on publication norms, malicious uses of AI, and general-purpose learning algorithms

2:53:39 | Mar 19th

OpenAI’s Dactyl is an AI system that can manipulate objects with a human-like robot hand. OpenAI Five is an AI system that can defeat humans at the video game Dota 2. The strange thing is they were both developed using the same general-purpose reinfo...Show More

#53 - Kelsey Piper on the room for important advocacy within journalism

2:34:30 | Feb 27th

“Politics. Business. Opinion. Science. Sports. Animal welfare. Existential risk.” Is this a plausible future lineup for major news outlets? Funded by the Rockefeller Foundation and given very little editorial direction, Vox's Future Perfect aspires t...Show More

Julia Galef and Rob Wiblin on an updated view of the best ways to help humanity

56:45 | Feb 17th

This is a cross-post of an interview Rob did with Julia Galef on her podcast Rationally Speaking. Rob and Julia discuss how the career advice 80,000 Hours gives has changed over the years, and the biggest misconceptions about our views. The topics wi...Show More

#52 - Prof Glen Weyl on uprooting capitalism and democracy for a just society

2:44:26 | Feb 8th

Pro-market economists love to wax rhapsodic about the capacity of markets to pull together the valuable local information spread across all of society about what people want and how to make it. But when it comes to politics and voting - which also ai...Show More

#10 Classic Episode - Dr Nick Beckstead on spending billions of dollars preventing human extinction

1:52:04 | Feb 2nd

Rebroadcast: this episode was originally released in October 2017. What if you were in a position to give away billions of dollars to improve the world? What would you do with it? This is the problem facing Program Officers at the Open Philanthropy P...Show More

#8 Classic episode - Lewis Bollard on how to end factory farming in our lifetimes

3:15:22 | Jan 16th

Rebroadcast: this episode was originally released in September 2017. Every year tens of billions of animals are raised in terrible conditions in factory farms before being killed for human consumption. Over the last two years Lewis Bollard – Proje...Show More

#9 Classic episode - Christine Peterson on the '80s futurist movement & its lessons for today

1:19:41 | Jan 7th

Rebroadcast: this episode was originally released in October 2017. Take a trip to Silicon Valley in the 70s and 80s, when going to space sounded like a good way to get around environmental limits, people started cryogenically freezing themselves, ...Show More

#50 - Dr David Denkenberger on how to feed all 8b people through an asteroid/nuclear winter

2:57:28 | Dec 27th, 2018

If an asteroid impact or nuclear winter blocked the sun for years, our inability to grow food would result in billions dying of starvation, right? According to Dr David Denkenberger, co-author of Feeding Everyone No Matter What: no. If he's to be bel...Show More

#49 - Dr Rachel Glennerster on a year's worth of education for 30c & other development 'best buys'

1:35:54 | Dec 20th, 2018

If I told you it's possible to deliver an extra year of ideal primary-level education for under $1, would you believe me? Hopefully not - the claim is absurd on its face. But it may be true nonetheless. The very best education interventions are ph...Show More

#6 Rebroadcast - Dr Toby Ord on why the long-term future matters more than anything else

2:13:38 | Dec 14th, 2018

Rebroadcast: this episode was originally released in September 2017. Of all the people whose well-being we should care about, only a small fraction are alive today. The rest are members of future generations who are yet to exist. Whether they’ll b...Show More

#15 Rebroadcast - Prof Tetlock on how chimps beat Berkeley undergrads & when to defer to the wise

1:24:21 | Dec 7th, 2018

Rebroadcast: this episode was originally released in November 2017. Prof Philip Tetlock is a social science legend. Over forty years he has researched whose predictions we can trust, whose we can’t and why - and developed methods that allow all of...Show More

#48 - Brian Christian on better living through the wisdom of computer science

3:15:57 | Nov 22nd, 2018

Please let us know if we've helped you: Fill out our annual impact survey Ever felt that you were so busy you spent all your time paralysed trying to figure out where to start, and couldn't get much done? Computer scientists have a term for this -...Show More

#47 - Catherine Olsson & Daniel Ziegler on the fast path into high-impact ML engineering roles

2:05:07 | Nov 2nd, 2018

After dropping out of a machine learning PhD at Stanford, Daniel Ziegler needed to decide what to do next. He’d always enjoyed building stuff and wanted to shape the development of AI, so he thought a research engineering position at an org dedicated...Show More

#46 - Prof Hilary Greaves on moral cluelessness & tackling crucial questions in academia

2:49:36 | Oct 23rd, 2018

The barista gives you your coffee and change, and you walk away from the busy line. But you suddenly realise she gave you $1 less than she should have. Do you brush your way past the people now waiting, or just accept this as a dollar you’re never ge...Show More

#45 - Tyler Cowen's case for maximising econ growth, stabilising civilization & thinking long-term

2:31:02 | Oct 17th, 2018

I've probably spent more time reading Tyler Cowen - Professor of Economics at George Mason University - than any other author. Indeed it's his incredibly popular blog Marginal Revolution that prompted me to study economics in the first place. Having ...Show More

#44 - Dr Paul Christiano on how we'll hand the future off to AI, & solving the alignment problem

3:52:23 | Oct 2nd, 2018

Paul Christiano is one of the smartest people I know. After our first session produced such great material, we decided to do a second recording, resulting in our longest interview so far. While challenging at times I can strongly recommend listening ...Show More

#43 - Daniel Ellsberg on the institutional insanity that maintains nuclear doomsday machines

2:44:28 | Sep 25th, 2018

In Stanley Kubrick’s iconic film Dr. Strangelove, the American president is informed that the Soviet Union has created a secret deterrence system which will automatically wipe out humanity upon detection of a single nuclear explosion in Russia. With ...Show More

#42 - Dr Amanda Askell on moral empathy, the value of information & the ethics of infinity

2:46:52 | Sep 11th, 2018

Consider two familiar moments at a family reunion. Our host, Uncle Bill, takes pride in his barbecuing skills. But his niece Becky says that she now refuses to eat meat. A groan goes round the table; the family mostly think of this as an annoying ...Show More

#41 - David Roodman on incarceration, geomagnetic storms, & becoming a world-class researcher

2:18:20 | Aug 28th, 2018

With 698 inmates per 100,000 citizens, the U.S. is by far the leader among large wealthy nations in incarceration. But what effect does imprisonment actually have on crime? According to David Roodman, Senior Advisor to the Open Philanthropy Projec...Show More

#40 - Katja Grace on forecasting future technology & how much we should trust expert predictions

2:11:17 | Aug 21st, 2018

Experts believe that artificial intelligence will be better than humans at driving trucks by 2027, working in retail by 2031, writing bestselling books by 2049, and working as surgeons by 2053. But how seriously should we take these predictions? K...Show More

#39 - Spencer Greenberg on the scientific approach to solving difficult everyday questions

2:17:30 | Aug 7th, 2018

Will Trump be re-elected? Will North Korea give up their nuclear weapons? Will your friend turn up to dinner? Spencer Greenberg, founder of ClearerThinking.org has a process for working out such real life problems. Let’s work through one here: ...Show More

#38 - Prof Ng on anticipating effective altruism decades ago & how to make a much happier world

1:59:46 | Jul 26th, 2018

Will people who think carefully about how to maximize welfare eventually converge on the same views? The effective altruism community has spent a lot of time over the past 10 years debating how best to increase happiness and reduce suffering, and ...Show More

#37 - GiveWell picks top charities by estimating the unknowable. James Snowden on how they do it.

1:44:06 | Jul 16th, 2018

What’s the value of preventing the death of a 5-year-old child, compared to a 20-year-old, or an 80-year-old? The global health community has generally regarded the value as proportional to the number of health-adjusted life-years the person has r...Show More

#36 - Tanya Singh on ending the operations management bottleneck in effective altruism

2:04:32 | Jul 11th, 2018

Almost nobody is able to do groundbreaking physics research themselves, and by the time his brilliance was appreciated, Einstein was hardly limited by funding. But what if you could find a way to unlock the secrets of the universe like Einstein nonet...Show More

#35 - Tara Mac Aulay on the audacity to fix the world without asking permission

1:22:46 | Jun 21st, 2018

"You don't need permission. You don't need to be allowed to do something that's not in your job description. If you think that it's gonna make your company or your organization more successful and more efficient, you can often just go and do it." ...Show More

Rob Wiblin on the art/science of a high impact career

1:31:34 | Jun 8th, 2018

Today's episode is a cross-post of an interview I did with The Jolly Swagmen Podcast which came out this week. I recommend regular listeners skip to 24 minutes in to avoid hearing things they already know. Later in the episode I talk about my contrar...Show More

#34 - We use the worst voting system that exists. Here's how Aaron Hamlin is going to fix it.

2:18:49 | Jun 1st, 2018

In 1991 Edwin Edwards won the Louisiana gubernatorial election. In 2001, he was found guilty of racketeering and received a 10 year invitation to Federal prison. The strange thing about that election? By 1991 Edwards was already notorious for his cor...Show More

#33 - Dr Anders Sandberg on what if we ended ageing, solar flares & the annual risk of nuclear war

1:25:06 | May 29th, 2018

Joseph Stalin had a life-extension program dedicated to making himself immortal. What if he had succeeded? According to our last guest, Bryan Caplan, there’s an 80% chance that Stalin would still be ruling Russia today. Today’s guest disagrees. ...Show More

#32 - Bryan Caplan on whether his Case Against Education holds up, totalitarianism, & open borders

2:25:33 | May 22nd, 2018

Bryan Caplan’s claim in *The Case Against Education* is striking: education doesn’t teach people much, we use little of what we learn, and college is mostly about trying to seem smarter than other people - so the government should slash education fun...Show More

#31 - Prof Dafoe on defusing the political & economic risks posed by existing AI capabilities

48:07 | May 18th, 2018

The debate around the impacts of artificial intelligence often centres on ‘superintelligence’ - a general intellect that is much smarter than the best humans, in practically every field. But according to Allan Dafoe - Assistant Professor of Politi...Show More

#30 - Dr Eva Vivalt on how little social science findings generalize from one study to another

2:01:45 | May 15th, 2018

If we have a study on the impact of a social program in a particular place and time, how confident can we be that we’ll get a similar result if we study the same program again somewhere else? Dr Eva Vivalt is a lecturer in the Research School of E...Show More

#29 - Dr Anders Sandberg on 3 new resolutions for the Fermi paradox & how to colonise the universe

1:21:26 | May 8th, 2018

Part 2 out now: #33 - Dr Anders Sandberg on what if we ended ageing, solar flares & the annual risk of nuclear war The universe is so vast, yet we don’t see any alien civilizations. If they exist, where are they? Oxford University’s Anders Sandber...Show More

#28 - Dr Cotton-Barratt on why scientists should need insurance, PhD strategy & fast AI progresses

1:03:15 | Apr 27th, 2018

A researcher is working on creating a new virus – one more dangerous than any that exist naturally. They believe they’re being as careful as possible. After all, if things go wrong, their own life and that of their colleagues will be in danger. But i...Show More

#27 - Dr Tom Inglesby on careers and policies that reduce global catastrophic biological risks

2:17:00 | Apr 18th, 2018

How about this for a movie idea: a main character has to prevent a new contagious strain of Ebola spreading around the world. She’s the best of the best. So good in fact, that her work on early detection systems contains the strain at its source. Ten...Show More

#26 - Marie Gibbons on how exactly clean meat is made & what's needed to get it in every supermarket

1:44:31 | Apr 10th, 2018

First, decide on the type of animal. Next, pick the cell type. Then take a small, painless biopsy, and put the cells in a solution that makes them feel like they’re still in the body. Once the cells are in this comfortable state, they'll proliferate....Show More

#25 - Prof Robin Hanson on why we have to lie to ourselves about why we do what we do

2:39:42 | Mar 28th, 2018

On February 2, 1685, England’s King Charles II was struck by a sudden illness. Fortunately his physicians were the best of the best. To reassure the public they kept them abreast of the King’s treatment regimen. King Charles was made to swallow a to...Show More

#24 - Stefan Schubert on why it’s a bad idea to break the rules, even if it’s for a good cause

55:08 | Mar 20th, 2018

How honest should we be? How helpful? How friendly? If our society claims to value honesty, for instance, but in reality accepts an awful lot of lying – should we go along with those lax standards? Or, should we attempt to set a new norm for ourselve...Show More

#23 - How to actually become an AI alignment researcher, according to Dr Jan Leike

45:29 | Mar 16th, 2018

Want to help steer the 21st century’s most transformative technology? First complete an undergrad degree in computer science and mathematics. Prioritize harder courses over easier ones. Publish at least one paper before you apply for a PhD. Find a su...Show More

#22 - Dr Leah Utyasheva on the non-profit that figured out how to massively cut suicide rates

1:08:13 | Mar 7th, 2018

How people kill themselves varies enormously depending on which means are most easily available. In the United States, suicide by firearm stands out. In Hong Kong, where most people live in high rise buildings, jumping from a height is more common. A...Show More

#21 - Holden Karnofsky on times philanthropy transformed the world & Open Phil’s plan to do the same

2:35:36 | Feb 27th, 2018

The Green Revolution averted mass famine during the 20th century. The contraceptive pill gave women unprecedented freedom in planning their own lives. Both are widely recognised as scientific breakthroughs that transformed the world. But few know tha...Show More

#20 - Bruce Friedrich on inventing outstanding meat substitutes to end speciesism & factory farming

1:18:00 | Feb 19th, 2018

Before the US Civil War, it was easier for the North to morally oppose slavery. Why? Because unlike the South they weren’t profiting much from its existence. The fight for abolition was partly won because many no longer saw themselves as having a sel...Show More

#19 - Samantha Pitts-Kiefer on working next to the White House trying to prevent nuclear war

1:04:29 | Feb 14th, 2018

Rogue elements within a state’s security forces enrich dozens of kilograms of uranium. It’s then assembled into a crude nuclear bomb. The bomb is transported on a civilian aircraft to Washington D.C, and loaded onto a delivery truck. The truck is dri...Show More

#18 - Ofir Reich on using data science to end poverty & the spurious action-inaction distinction

1:18:59 | Jan 31st, 2018

Ofir Reich started out doing math in the military, before spending 8 years in tech startups - but then made a sharp turn to become a data scientist focussed on helping the global poor. At UC Berkeley’s Center for Effective Global Action he helps p...Show More

#17 - Prof Will MacAskill on moral uncertainty, utilitarianism & how to avoid being a moral monster

1:52:13 | Jan 19th, 2018

Immanuel Kant is a profoundly influential figure in modern philosophy, and was one of the earliest proponents for universal democracy and international cooperation. He also thought that women have no place in civil society, that it was okay to kill i...Show More

#16 - Dr Hutchinson on global priorities research & shaping the ideas of intellectuals

55:01 | Dec 22nd, 2017

In the 40s and 50s neoliberalism was a fringe movement within economics. But by the 80s it had become a dominant school of thought in public policy, and achieved major policy changes across the English speaking world. How did this happen? In part ...Show More

#15 - Prof Tetlock On How Chimps Beat Berkeley Undergrads And When It’s Wise To Defer To The Wise

1:23:59 | Nov 20th, 2017

Prof Philip Tetlock is a social science legend. Over forty years he has researched whose predictions we can trust, whose we can’t and why - and developed methods that allow all of us to be better at predicting the future. After the Iraq WMDs fiasc...Show More

#14 - Sharon Nuñez & Jose Valle On Going Undercover To Expose Animal Abuse

1:25:57 | Nov 13th, 2017

What if you knew that ducks were being killed with pitchforks? Rabbits dumped alive into containers? Or pigs being strangled with forklifts? Would you be willing to go undercover to expose the crime? That’s a real question that confronts volunteer...Show More

#13 - Claire Walsh on testing which policies work & how to get governments to listen to the results

52:27 | Oct 31st, 2017

In both rich and poor countries, government policy is often based on no evidence at all and many programs don’t work. This has particularly harsh effects on the global poor - in some countries governments only spend $100 on each citizen a year so the...Show More

#12 - Dr Cameron Works To Stop You Dying In A Pandemic. Here’s What Keeps Her Up At Night.

1:45:16 | Oct 25th, 2017

“When you're in the middle of a crisis and you have to ask for money, you're already too late.” That’s Dr Beth Cameron, who leads Global Biological Policy and Programs at the Nuclear Threat Initiative. Beth should know. She has years of experie...Show More

#11 - Dr Spencer Greenberg on speeding up social science 10-fold & why plenty of startups cause harm

1:29:17 | Oct 17th, 2017

Do most meat eaters think it’s wrong to hurt animals? Do Americans think climate change is likely to cause human extinction? What is the best, state-of-the-art therapy for depression? How can we make academics more intellectually honest, so we can ac...Show More

#10 - Dr Nick Beckstead On How To Spend Billions Of Dollars To Prevent Human Extinction

1:51:48 | Oct 11th, 2017

What if you were in a position to give away billions of dollars to improve the world? What would you do with it? This is the problem facing Program Officers at the Open Philanthropy Project - people like Dr Nick Beckstead. Following a PhD in philo...Show More

#9 - Christine Peterson on how insecure computers could lead to global disaster, and how to fix it

1:45:10 | Oct 4th, 2017

Take a trip to Silicon Valley in the 70s and 80s, when going to space sounded like a good way to get around environmental limits, people started cryogenically freezing themselves, and nanotechnology looked like it might revolutionise industry – or tu...Show More

#8 - Lewis Bollard On How To End Factory Farming In Our Lifetimes

3:16:55 | Sep 27th, 2017

Every year tens of billions of animals are raised in terrible conditions in factory farms before being killed for human consumption. Over the last two years Lewis Bollard – Project Officer for Farm Animal Welfare at the Open Philanthropy Project – ha...Show More

#7 - Julia Galef On Making Humanity More Rational, What EA Does Wrong, And Why Twitter Isn’t All Bad

1:14:17 | Sep 13th, 2017

Apply for personalised coaching, see what questions are asked when, and read extra resources to learn more. The scientific revolution in the 16th century was one of the biggest societal shifts in human history, driven by the discovery of new and b...Show More

#6 - Dr Toby Ord on why the long-term future matters more than anything else & what to do about it

2:14:02 | Sep 6th, 2017

Apply for personalised coaching, see what questions are asked when, and read extra resources to learn more. Of all the people whose well-being we should care about, only a small fraction are alive today. The rest are members of future generations ...Show More

#5 - Alex Gordon-Brown on how to donate millions in your 20s via quantitative trading (August, 2017)

1:45:34 | Aug 28th, 2017

Apply for personalised coaching, see what questions are asked when, and read extra resources to learn more. Quantitative financial trading is one of the highest paying parts of the world’s highest paying industry. 25 to 30 year olds with outstandi...Show More

#4 - Howie Lempel on why pandemics could kill hundreds of millions and how to stop them (Aug 2017)

2:35:45 | Aug 23rd, 2017

Full transcript, apply for personalised coaching to help you work on pandemic preparedness, see what questions are asked when, and read extra resources to learn more. What disaster is most likely to kill more than 10 million human beings in the n...Show More

#3 - Dr Dario Amodei On OpenAI And How AI Will Change The World For Good And Ill (July 2017)

1:38:21 | Jul 21st, 2017

Full transcript, apply for personalised coaching to work on AI safety, see what questions are asked when, and read extra resources to learn more. Just two years ago OpenAI didn’t exist. It’s now among the most elite groups of machine learning rese...Show More

#2 - Prof David Spiegelhalter on risk, stats and improving understanding of science (Jun 2017)

33:43 | Jun 21st, 2017

Summary, full transcript and extra links to learn more. Recorded in 2015 by Robert Wiblin with colleague Jess Whittlestone at the Centre for Effective Altruism, and recovered from the dusty 80,000 Hours archives. David Spiegelhalter is a statis...Show More

#1 - Miles Brundage and Robert Wiblin on AI Strategy and Policy Careers (May 2017)

55:15 | Jun 5th, 2017

Full transcript, apply for personalised coaching to work on AI strategy, see what questions are asked when, and read extra resources to learn more. Robert Wiblin, Director of Research at 80,000 Hours speaks with Miles Brundage, research fellow at...Show More