Unconfirmed: Insights and Analysis From the Top Minds in Crypto

Laura Shin - Independent journalist covering crypto (crypto assets, Bitcoin, Ethereum, ICOs, tokens)


Events in crypto take place at warp speed. This weekly crypto podcast reveals how the marquee names in crypto are reacting to the week’s top headlines. With host Laura Shin, the guests also discuss what they’re thinking about these days and reveal wh...Show More

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The QuadrigaCX Case: Taylor Monahan on What We Know From the Blockchain - Ep.059

27:21 | Feb 8th

To hear that a 29-year-old died of complications from Crohn's disease is shocking enough. But it's practically unbelievable when the person in question was in charge of a crypto exchange that held an estimated $150 million of customer funds and that ...Show More

Dan Morehead of Pantera Capital on Why This Crypto Winter Is Different - Ep.058

21:15 | Feb 1st

Dan Morehead, CEO of Pantera Capital, explains why this crypto bear market is different from the previous one his firm endured, what he believes will give institutional money the confidence to enter the space, and how Pantera's investing approach has...Show More

Why You Shouldn't Trust Crypto Exchange Reports for Your Taxes - Ep.057

22:14 | Jan 25th

Chandan Lodha, cofounder and CEO of CoinTracker, explains why reports from crypto exchanges could be insufficient for filing accurate tax returns to the IRS, how one should track one's crypto transactions in order to not over- or under-pay, and who c...Show More

When Is a Token Decentralized Enough to Not Be a Security? - Ep.056

22:02 | Jan 18th

The newly formed Blockchain Association recently released a post outlining what it calls the Hinman Token Standard based on a speech given last summer by Bill Hinman, director of the SEC’s Division of Corporation Finance. The Blockchain Association's...Show More

The Ethereum Classic 51% Attack: How It Happened and Why the Price Didn't Crash - Ep.055

24:23 | Jan 11th

Charlie Lee, the creator of Litecoin, discusses this week's 51% attack on the Ethereum Classic blockchain. He describes how the attacker was able to gain control of more than 51% of the network, why it was inexpensive for them to do so, how they prof...Show More

Arjun Balaji on the Ways Bitcoin Will Improve in 2019 - Ep.054

25:29 | Jan 4th

On the 10th birthday of the Bitcoin network, Arjun Balaji, founder and managing partner at Shomei Capital, explains why doesn't worry too much about potential bugs in the code such as there was last fall, why we'll see improved scalability, privacy a...Show More

How PowerLedger Aims to Boost Renewable Energy - Ep.053

23:15 | Dec 28th, 2018

Jemma Green, cofounder and chairman of PowerLedger, describes how the company, which won the 2018 Extreme Tech Challenge, spearheaded by Sir Richard Branson and CES, is using tokens to solve various energy problems. One is the principal-agent problem...Show More

Bloomberg's Matt Leising on Why It Appears Tether Has Sufficient Dollar Reserves - Ep.052

29:17 | Dec 21st, 2018

Bloomberg reporter Matt Leising, who obtained bank statements from Tether's bank, Noble Bank in Puerto Rico, found that for those months, the number of dollars in the bank matched the amount of Tether outstanding. He talks about what this means, whet...Show More

Consensus: Invest 2018: Financial Products in 2019 and Beyond - Ep.051

19:02 | Dec 19th, 2018

This special episode is a recording of the closing fireside chat I had at Consensus: Invest, titled “Financial Products: 2019 and Beyond,”  with Jan Van Eck, president and CEO of the Van Eck Securities Corporation, and Mike Belshe, cofounder and CEO ...Show More

Why ConsenSys Is 'Shifting From Experimentation to Excellence' - Ep.050

20:00 | Dec 14th, 2018

ConsenSys's Andrew Keys talks about the company's recent pivot, called "ConsenSys 2.0," toward greater efficiency, accountability and focus on revenue, why it laid off about 150 people, and what areas it plans to generate revenue from. He explains wh...Show More

How ConsenSys Got So Big But Accomplished So Little - Ep.049

21:32 | Dec 7th, 2018

Despite having Joe Lubin's billions at its back, and despite having 1,200 employees to build apparently anything they wanted in the Ethereum ecosystem, ConsenSys has accomplished very little and has little revenue -- so it's finally facing the music ...Show More

Jackson Palmer of Why We're Not Decentralized Yet - Ep.048

28:06 | Nov 30th, 2018

Jackson Palmer, the creator of Dogecoin and the website Are We Decentralized Yet, explains why he thinks the markets suddenly took a nosedive, why it's hard for him to get data on these crypto assets for the Are We Decentralized Yet website -- unless...Show More

Laura's TEDx Talk: How Crypto Could Allow More People to Be Their Own Boss - Ep.047

18:42 | Nov 23rd, 2018

In lieu of a regular episode during this (U.S.) holiday, I'm releasing the audio from my TEDx San Francisco Talk. Thank you to our sponsors! Abra: Click this special link for a free $25 in Bitcoin! https://www.abra.com/unconfirmed WeTrust: Donate in ...Show More

The Bitcoin Cash Hard Fork: Bitcoin ABC vs. Bitcoin SV - Ep.046

24:02 | Nov 16th, 2018

Bitcoin Magazine technical editor Aaron Van Wirdum breaks down what is going on with the Bitcoin Cash contentious hard fork: who is fighting, over what, and how this could play out, including the nuclear option of a proof of work algorithm change. We...Show More

Emin Gun Sirer on the SEC/EtherDelta Settlement and Why Code Is Speech - Ep.045

31:18 | Nov 9th, 2018

Emin Gun Sirer, Cornell professor, co-director at the Initiative for Cryptocurrencies and Smart Contracts (IC3) and the founder of Ava, talks about the settlement the SEC reached with the founder of EtherDelta, and what that could mean for the coders...Show More

Charlie Lee, aka Satoshi Lite, on the 10-Year Anniversary of the Bitcoin White Paper - Ep.044

24:00 | Nov 2nd, 2018

To celebrate the 10-year anniversary of the publication of the Bitcoin white paper, Charlie Lee, the creator of Litecoin, asks how Bitcoin can go from a speculative asset to real money (hint: the Lightning Network plays a role) and explains what he t...Show More

Fidelity Digital Asset Services' Tom Jessop on Why It's Serving Institutional Clients First - Ep.043

20:45 | Oct 26th, 2018

Fidelity Digital Asset Services president Tom Jessop explains why its new crypto offering for institutional clients is focused on custody and trade execution, why it's decided not to launch its own exchange, and what kinds of trading capabilities fro...Show More

Why the Tether Situation Brought Up Memories of Mt. Gox - Ep.042

20:19 | Oct 19th, 2018

Dan McArdle, cofounder of Messari and the creator of OnChainFX, discusses why tether lost its dollar peg, how the Gemini USD traded at above $1, and how this was similar to the time before Mt. Gox imploded. We also discuss the significance of the Fid...Show More

How We're Misusing the Word 'Decentralization' - Ep.041

24:18 | Oct 12th, 2018

Soona Amhaz of Token Daily talks about how we've misused the word decentralization and stretched it to the point of meaninglessness. She discusses how certain companies misrepresent being decentralized and walks us through some misleading graphs put ...Show More

How Abra Enables You to Buy $5 of an ETF-Like Token of the Top 10 Cryptos - Ep.040

23:52 | Oct 5th, 2018

Bill Barhydt, founder and CEO of Abra, describes its new product, the BIT10, which it created in partnership with Bitwise Asset Management (full disclosure: Bitwise previously sponsored my podcasts). He outlines the way the token is similar to an ETF...Show More

Rune Christensen of MakerDao on Its $15 Million From Andreessen Horowitz - Ep.039

23:08 | Sep 28th, 2018

Rune Christensen, founder and CEO of MakerDao, explains what Andreessen Horowitz's $15 million investment in its Maker token means for the ecosystem and why they chose to work with a16z and its general partner Kathryn Haun. He also responds to critic...Show More

Why 'Ethereum Killers' Will Have a Hard Time Attracting Its Developers - Ep.038

22:31 | Sep 21st, 2018

Linda Xie, cofounder at Scalar Capital, talks about what she saw at ETHBerlin, why it made her think Ethereum's first-mover advantage may be hard for other smart contract platforms to overcome and how the crypto community in Berlin differed from that...Show More

Alex Sunnarborg of Tetras Capital on Why He's Bearish on Ether - Ep.037

21:50 | Sep 14th, 2018

Alex Sunnarborg, founding partner of Tetras Capital, describes the three core buckets his fund is investing in, how they're investing during this bear market, and why the firm has decided to short ether. He also describes why he thinks dapps could ta...Show More

Shapeshift's About-Face: Why Now? - Ep.036

20:37 | Sep 7th, 2018

Katherine Wu, director of business development and community at Messari, talks about the news that everyone on crypto Twitter was discussing this week: Shapeshift's decision to require customer accounts. The well-known crypto-to-crypto exchange has l...Show More

Pamela Morgan on How to Pass Your Crypto Assets On to Your Heirs - Ep.035

20:01 | Aug 31st, 2018

Pamela Morgan, a lawyer in the blockchain space and the author of Cryptoasset Inheritance Planning, explains how you can pass on your crypto assets to your heirs without them or anyone else getting ahold of them beforehand. Surprisingly, the first st...Show More

Joe Lubin and Jimmy Song Work On the Terms of Their Bet on Dapps — and Trash Talk the Other’s Coin - Ep.034

39:40 | Aug 24th, 2018

Joe Lubin, cofounder of Ethereum and founder of ConsenSys, and Jimmy Song, partner at Blockchain Capital and founder of Programming Blockchain, pick up the bet they started at the Consensus conference in May. The challenge was on whether or not we wo...Show More

How Crypto Will Give You More Flexibility in Your Work - Ep.033

21:44 | Aug 17th, 2018

Silicon Valley capitalist and longtime crypto investor Bill Tai discusses some interesting theories about how crypto is changing money and work. He starts by talking about the shift from oil- to electron-based currencies. He also describes how people...Show More

Why the ICE/Bakkt News Makes Some Crypto Investors Nervous - Ep.032

23:21 | Aug 10th, 2018

Caitlin Long, who’s working on a book about Wall Street and crypto assets and is the cofounder of the Wyoming Blockchain Coalition, discusses the significance of the creation of Bakkt, a new federally regulated market for Bitcoin, by ICE, Microsoft, ...Show More

A Place Where People May Be Using Crypto For More Than Speculation - Ep.031

23:06 | Aug 3rd, 2018

Tricia Martinez, director of the Dala Foundation and founder and CEO of Wala, describes how cryptocurrency Dala is being used in Africa and how it hit 100,000 new wallets and 2.5 million in transactions in two months, with an average transaction size...Show More

CoinList's Andy Bromberg on the One Big Regulatory Issue Facing Crypto - Ep.030

23:17 | Jul 27th, 2018

CoinList founder and president Andy Bromberg talks about why the ICO services firm has worked with only five out of 2,500 token projects, how tokenomic models are changing to ensure the viability of the network and also avoid incurring regulatory act...Show More

Token Economy's Stefano Bernardi on How DAOs Could Create a Less Capitalist World - Ep.029

26:55 | Jul 20th, 2018

In this wide-ranging conversation, the Token Economy newsletter coauthor Stefano Bernardi talks about fully digital security tokens -- security tokens with no relation to real world securities like companies and real estate, but that represent securi...Show More

Special Episode with CNBC's Crypto Trader: Olaf Carlson-Wee on Why This Crypto Winter Is Different From Previous Ones - Ep.028

43:28 | Jul 16th, 2018

In this special episode I hosted with CNBC Crypto Trader, Ran Neu Ner and I talk with Olaf Carlson-Wee, founder and CEO of crypto hedge fund Polychain Capital. We discuss his early career, what sets this crypto downturn apart from previous ones and w...Show More

Willy Woo on Why He Thinks We're Nine Years Away From Half the World Using Bitcoin - Ep.027

24:40 | Jul 13th, 2018

Independent crypto analyst Willy Woo, who blogs at Woobull.com, talks about where he sees the price of Bitcoin going over the next six months. (Hint: He uses the word "sideways.") He also describes his concept of NVT Ratio, the Bitcoin equivalent of ...Show More

Demian Brener, CEO of Zeppelin, on Which Smart Contract Platform Will Win - Ep.026

22:16 | Jul 6th, 2018

Demian Brener, the cofounder and CEO of Zeppelin discusses a dilemma he's seeing investors be concerned about: whether blockchains should be immutable forever or whether it should be possible to upgrade smart contracts over time. He explains why he d...Show More

Multicoin's Kyle Samani on Why He Believes Bitcoin Governance Doesn't Accommodate the Real World - Ep.025

23:37 | Jun 29th, 2018

Kyle Samani, managing partner of Multicoin Capital, talks about what got him really excited at this week's Zcon0 conference for Zcash -- primarily, technologies that could make possible a future of massively scalable blockchains featuring default pri...Show More

Behind the Tezos Scandal: Conflicts of Interest, Self-Dealing and Bullying - Ep.024

21:13 | Jun 22nd, 2018

Gideon Lewis-Kraus, a contributing writer at Wired, came out with a cover story in the magazine earlier this week that investigated the actions of both sides in the Tezos boardroom battle. Lewis-Kraus walks us through the accusations on both sides an...Show More

Coinbase's Adam White on a Momentous Day in Crypto - Ep.023

20:56 | Jun 15th, 2018

Adam White, vice president and general manager of Coinbase, explains why he believes the SEC's statement Thursday that ether, in its current form, is not a security, is a historic moment in crypto. Also, from his vantage point of being steeped in the...Show More

Joey Krug on How to Create a Regular Cryptocurrency - Ep.022

21:21 | Jun 8th, 2018

Joey Krug, cofounder of Augur and chief investment officer at Pantera Capital, talks about the upcoming Augur launch, and why we haven't yet seen a regular, non-deflationary, non-stablecoin cryptocurrency -- and how to create one. For instance, he sa...Show More

Alex Gladstein of the Human Rights Foundation on the First Crypto War - Ep.021

21:56 | Jun 1st, 2018

Think Bitcoin and crypto assets are just vehicles for speculation? They're already having both a positive impact and negative impact when it comes to human rights, says Alex Gladstein, chief strategy officer for the Human Rights Foundation. Gladstein...Show More

Jill Carlson on How Crypto Is Replicating Wall Street -- And Not in a Good Way - Ep.020

22:49 | May 25th, 2018

Blockchain consultant, Jill Carlson, who has worked with 0x, dydx, Algorand, Tezos, O1 Labs, and the IMF, discusses why Blockchain Week to her seemed to be too much about Lambos and how crypto has reached its "illogical conclusion" and is replicating...Show More

Mike Novogratz on Why Incumbents Are Still Well Positioned to Participate in Crypto Finance - Ep.019

25:46 | May 18th, 2018

Mike Novogratz, the founder and CEO of Galaxy Digital Capital Management, talks about the recently announced Bloomberg Galaxy Crypto Index, why it's limited to just 12 cryptos, how traditional financial players know more about crypto than people beli...Show More

Battling Corruption With Blockchain Technology: Tomicah Tillemann of the Blockchain Trust Accelerator - Ep.018

22:28 | May 13th, 2018

Many government officials have noted the potential blockchain technology has to fight fraud, waste and abuse. Tomicah Tillemann, cofounder of the Blockchain Trust Accelerator, assembled an intimate group of 18 people at the Rockefeller Foundation's B...Show More

The UN World Food Programme's Blockchain-Based Food Vouchers for Syrian Refugees, With Robert Opp - Ep.017

21:45 | May 12th, 2018

Robert Opp, director of innovation and change management at the United Nations World Food Programme, discusses the Ethereum-based food voucher program for Syrian refugees. He describes how the refugees are identified, what they receive with their vou...Show More

From the Bellagio Blockchain Summit: Blockchain Ethics With Georgetown's Cara LaPointe - Ep.016

21:30 | May 11th, 2018

Who sets up the rules of a blockchain? And how does that impact its users? Could there be unintended consequences? Might the design not account for the potential that bad actors will abuse it? These are questions that Cara LaPointe, a senior fellow a...Show More

From the Multicoin Summit: Ryan Selkis of Messari on How to Fund Sustainable Journalism - Ep.015

19:15 | May 7th, 2018

Ryan Selkis of blockchain standards organization Messari explains why he jumped into a public debate between CoinDesk editor Pete Rizzo and Vitalik and Ethereum, in which Vitalik criticized CoinDesk for charging high prices for its Consensus conferen...Show More

Civic's Vinny Lingham on When Crypto Demand Will Catch Up With the Technology

20:29 | May 4th, 2018

Vinny Lingham, the founder and CEO of blockchain-based identity service Civic, talks about how he hasn't seen token projects find good product-market fit yet, and gives us a sneak preview of how Civic is trying to solve that problem for itself. (Appa...Show More

Hu Liang of Omniex on What Institutional Players Are Planning to Do in Crypto

21:28 | Apr 27th, 2018

Formerly head of emerging technology at State Street, Hu Liang is now launching Omniex, which offers tools for institutional investors in crypto. He talks at the Time Summit in Greenwich, Connecticut, about the four quadrants of activity he sees in t...Show More

Don Wilson of DRW Holdings on What's Been Driving 2018's Crypto Downturn

22:09 | Apr 20th, 2018

At the CoinAlts Fund Symposium in New York City on Thursday, Don Wilson, CEO of DRW Holdings, discussed what hopeful signs he's seeing amid greater regulatory uncertainty, what crypto regulations in other jurisdictions he finds smart, and how the reg...Show More

How Meltem Demirors Uncovers True Value in Crypto Investments

22:25 | Apr 13th, 2018

Meltem Demirors of Athena Capital and recently of Digital Currency Group explains how the crypto world is creating artificial scarcity and how investors can uncover the true scarcity (or lack thereof). She describes why many projects have not yet abl...Show More

Chris Burniske of Placeholder on the Downsides of ICOs

23:44 | Apr 6th, 2018

Chris Burniske, partner at Placeholder and author of Cryptoassets, discusses why he thinks initial coin offerings may not always be the best token distribution model, why he's more interested in projects that enable users to earn tokens through contr...Show More

Ari Paul of BlockTower Capital on the Crypto Downturn and Why It Could Change Direction

27:07 | Mar 30th, 2018

Ari Paul, CIO of BlockTower Capital, discusses the slump in crypto prices, and how infrastructure rolling out over the rest of the year could have a positive effect on the market. He also describes how BlockTower Capital thinks about security for its...Show More

Arianna Simpson of Autonomous Partners on Privacy, Cryptokitties and Crypto Regulation

19:34 | Mar 23rd, 2018

Arianna Simpson, managing partner of investment firm Autonomous Partners, discusses this week's news that Cambridge Analytica had used data from Facebook to perhaps manipulate the 2016 election and whether that could create an opening for blockchain-...Show More

Caitlin Long on How 'Utility Tokens' Are Now Legal In Wyoming

23:31 | Mar 16th, 2018

Wyoming now has five blockchain-specific laws. Caitlin Long, cofounder of the Wyoming Blockchain Coalition, describes what these laws are, what they mean, and how our least populous state became a crypto leader. The former chairman and president of S...Show More

SXSW Episode: Amber Baldet, Blockchain Program Lead at JPMorgan, on the Potential Clash Between Blockchains and the Right to Be Forgotten

21:27 | Mar 15th, 2018

Amber Baldet, JPMorgan Chase blockchain program lead, talks about what she was discussing at SXSW with Hyperledger executive director Brian Behlendorf and what themes she heard at the Ethereum Community Conference in Paris. She talks about privacy in...Show More

SXSW Episode: Former DOJ Prosecutor Kathryn Haun on What the SEC Subpoenas and FinCen Letter Likely Mean

19:54 | Mar 14th, 2018

As a former government official, current board member of Coinbase and professor at the Stanford University Graduate School of Business, Kathryn Haun has a unique and varied view of the crypto space. She doesn't necessarily see the SEC subpoenas as a ...Show More

Spencer Bogart on Bitcoin's Maturation and the SEC Overhang on Crypto

22:23 | Mar 9th, 2018

Spencer Bogart, partner at Blockchain Capital, discusses why he think Bitcoin's growing pains are a sign of success, how the SEC regulatory gloom could affect the development of crypto and how a liquidity crunch could affect crypto hedge funds. We al...Show More

The Gender Imbalance in Crypto: Jalak Jobanputra on Why It's a Problem and Her Effort to Fix It

22:51 | Mar 2nd, 2018

Future Perfect Ventures' founder and managing partner Jalak Jobanputra and I discuss the New York Times article earlier this week about how few women there are in crypto. We discuss some of the surprising comments we saw from women in the space who w...Show More

Brian Kelly on Token-Curated Registries, Robinhood Crypto Trading and the Petro

22:25 | Feb 23rd, 2018

Brian Kelly of BKCM talks about token-curated registries, such as the proposal for Messari, by Ryan Selkis, formerly of Digital Currency Group and CoinDesk, and why such TCRs are probably a good idea, but what pitfalls they may face. We also discuss ...Show More

Olaf Carlson-Wee on Whether $100 Million Worth of Frozen Ether Should Be Restored

21:57 | Feb 16th, 2018

The founder and CEO of Polychain Capital discusses why an Ethereum core developer is stepping down, how blockchains should be governed and whether speculators and users have equal weight in crypto communities. We also discuss an op-ed that suggests a...Show More


00:33 | Feb 9th, 2018

Subscribe now - first episode coming Friday! Weekly Insights and Analysis From the Top Minds in Crypto.  Events in crypto take place at warp speed. This weekly crypto podcast reveals how the marquee names in crypto are reacting to the week’s top head...Show More