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Philosophy & Other Big Ideas

History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps

Peter Adamson

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Peter Adamson, Professor of Philosophy at the LMU in Munich and at King\'s College London, takes listeners through the history of philosophy, \"without any gaps.\" The series looks at the ideas, lives and historical context of the major philosophers ...Show More

19:34 | Jul 28th

Coluccio Salutati and Leonardo Bruni combine eloquence with philosophy, taking as their model the refined language and republican ideals found in Cicero.

19:15 | Jul 14th

Bessarion and George Trapenzuntius, rival scholars from the Greek east who helped inspire the Italian Renaissance.

20:17 | Jun 30th

A first look at the themes and figures of philosophy in the Italian Renaissance.

24:00 | Jun 16th

The series on Byzantium concludes as Michele Trizio discusses the mutual influence of Byzantium and Latin Christendom.

25:40 | Jun 2nd

When the Byzantine empire ended in 1453, philosophy in Greek did not end with it. In this episode we bring the story up to the 20th century.

23:20 | May 19th

Was Gemistos Plethon, the last great thinker of the Byzantine tradition, a secret pagan or just a Christian with an unusual enthusiasm for Platonism?

20:20 | May 5th

Thomas Aquinas finds avid readers among Byzantines at the twilight of empire, and is used by both sides of the Hesychast controversy.

18:42 | Apr 21st

Gregory Palamas and the controversy over his teaching that we can go beyond human reason by grasping God through his activities or “energies”.

20:30 | Apr 7th

Mathematics and the sciences in Byzantium, focusing on scholars of the Palaiologan period like Blemmydes and Metochites.

32:32 | Mar 24th

Historian Judith Herrin joins us to talk about competition and mutual influence between Islam and Byzantium.

20:09 | Mar 10th

Intellectual exchange between Christians and Muslims, and the later flowering of Syriac literature including the philosopher Bar Hebraeus.

18:59 | Feb 24th

The Neoplatonist Proclus gets mixed reviews from Christians, as Nicholas of Methone refutes him but the Georgian philosopher Ioane Petritsi helps to revive his thought.

36:01 | Feb 10th

Peter's Munich colleague Oliver Primavesi tells us how Greek manuscripts are used to establish the text of authors like Aristotle.

24:20 | Jan 27th

Without handwritten copies produced by Byzantine scribes, we would know almost nothing about ancient philosophy. How and why were they made?

22:16 | Jan 13th

Legal and economic thought in Byzantium: the sources of the law’s authority, the relation of church and civil law, just price, and just war.

20:32 | Dec 30th, 2018

The role of women in Byzantine society and the complex attitudes surrounding eunuchs: did they make up a “third gender”?

30:45 | Dec 16th, 2018

A chat about commentaries on Aristotle from Byzantium with guest Katerina Ierodiakonou.

20:43 | Dec 2nd, 2018

Princess Anna Komnene makes good use of her political retirement by gathering a circle of scholars to write commentaries on Aristotle.

19:43 | Nov 18th, 2018

The larger meaning of history in the chronicles written by Michael Psellos, Michael Attaleiates, Anna Komnene, and Niketas Choniates.

19:38 | Nov 4th, 2018

Psellos and other experts in rhetoric explore how this art of persuasion relates to philosophy.

23:50 | Oct 21st, 2018

Byzantine political thought from the time of Justinian down to the Palaiologos dynasty wrestles with the nature and scope of imperial power.

19:57 | Oct 7th, 2018

The trial of John Italos and other signs of Byzantine disquiet with the pagan philosophical tradition.

31:50 | Sep 23rd, 2018

Dominic O'Meara speaks to Peter about Michael Psellos, focusing especially on his political philosophy.

17:20 | Sep 9th, 2018

Michael Psellos and his attitude towards pagan philosophy and the political life.

31:21 | Aug 11th, 2018

Peter's twin brother Glenn Adamson discusses the philosophical implications of craft.

19:43 | Jul 29th, 2018

Photius, “the inventor of the book review,” and other Byzantine scholars who preserved ancient learning.

29:43 | Jul 15th, 2018

Peter is joined by Andrew Louth for a discussion of John of Damascus and his theological use of philosophy.

19:39 | Jul 1st, 2018

John of Damascus helps to shape the Byzantine understanding of humankind and the veneration of images, despite living in Islamic territory.

21:25 | Jun 17th, 2018

Is it idolatry to venerate an icon of a saint, or of Christ? The dispute leads the Byzantines to ponder the relation between an image and its object.

21:05 | Jun 3rd, 2018

Eastern Christian philosophy outside of Constantinople, focusing on translation and exegesis in the languages of Syriac and Armenian.

23:20 | May 20th, 2018

We begin to look at the third tradition of medieval philosophy, in which the heritage of classical antiquity is preserved and debated by the Byzantines.

1:13:06 | May 6th, 2018

Peter King, Catarina Dutilh Novaes, and Russ Friedman discuss their approaches to medieval philosophy, and its contemporary relevance.

1:21:29 | Apr 22nd, 2018

Rachel Barney, Christof Rapp, and Mark Kalderon join Peter to discuss the importance of ancient philosophy for today's philosophers.

30:05 | Apr 8th, 2018

Bob Pasnau joins Peter to discuss ideas about substance from Aquinas down to the time of Locke, Leibniz and Descartes.

21:59 | Mar 25th, 2018

The Renaissance ideals of humanism and universal science flourish already in the medieval period, in the works of Petrarch and Ramon Llull.

20:46 | Mar 11th, 2018

New ideas and and new universities in Italy and greater Germany including Vienna and Prague, where Jan Hus carries on the radical ideas of Wyclif.

19:09 | Feb 25th, 2018

John Wyclif refutes nominalism and inspires the Lollard movement, which anticipated Reformation thought with its critique of the church.

20:44 | Feb 11th, 2018

Jean Gerson’s role in the political disputes of his day, the spread of lay devotion and affective mysticism, and the debate over the Romance of the Rose initiated by Christine de Pizan.

31:49 | Jan 28th, 2018

Peter is joined by Isabel Davis to discuss marriage, sex and chastity in Chaucer, focusing on the Wife of Bath's speech.

23:24 | Jan 14th, 2018

Medieval attitudes towards homosexuality, sex and chastity, and the status of women. Authors discussed include Aquinas, Catherine of Siena, and Chaucer.

20:03 | Dec 31st, 2017

Philosophical themes in Chaucer’s “Canterbury Tales” and “Troilus and Criseyde,” as well as Langland’s “Piers Plowman.”

18:48 | Dec 17th, 2017

Julian of Norwich’s Shewings and the Cloud of Unknowing lay out challenging paths to knowledge of, and union with, God.

29:14 | Dec 3rd, 2017

Martin Pickavé returns to the podcast to talk about theories of the emotions in Aquinas, Scotus and Wodeham.

20:46 | Nov 19th, 2017

Be surprised by how many philosophical problems arise in connection with angels (how many can dance on the head of a pin is not one of them).

19:45 | Nov 5th, 2017

Dietrich of Freiberg, Berthold of Moosburg, John Tauler and Henry Suso explore Neoplatonism and mysticism.

18:37 | Oct 22nd, 2017

The scholastic and mystic Meister Eckhart sets out his daring speculations about God and humankind in both Latin and German.

21:35 | Oct 8th, 2017

Changing ideas about money, just price, and usury, up to the time of Buridan, Oresme, and Gregory of Rimini.

28:59 | Sep 24th, 2017

The medievals were too firm in their beliefs to entertain skeptical worries, right? Don't be so sure, as Peter learns from Dominik Perler.

22:04 | Aug 13th, 2017

The debate between Nicholas of Autrecourt and John Buridan on whether it is possible to achieve certain knowledge.

32:22 | Jul 30th, 2017

Peter speaks to Jack Zupko about John Buridan's secular and parsimonious approach to philosophy.

20:29 | Jul 16th, 2017

The hipster’s choice for favorite scholastic, John Buridan, sets out a nominalist theory of knowledge and language, and explains the workings of free will.

37:26 | Jul 2nd, 2017

An interview with Monica Green reveals parallels between medicine and philosophy in the middle ages.

20:49 | Jun 18th, 2017

Ockham, Buridan, Oresme and Francis of Marchia explore infinity, continuity, atomism, and the impetus involved in motion.

21:52 | Jun 4th, 2017

Bradwardine and other thinkers based at Oxford make breakthroughs in physics by applying mathematics to motion.

43:17 | May 21st, 2017

Sara Uckelman soundly defeats Peter in the medieval logical game of "obligations."

19:40 | May 7th, 2017

The scholastics discuss the ambiguity of terms, the nature of logical inference, and logical paradoxes, and play the game of “obligations.”

20:33 | Apr 23rd, 2017

Scotus, Ockham, and Bradwardine ask how we can be free if God knows and chooses the things we will do in the future.

20:04 | Apr 9th, 2017

Walter Burley flies the flag for realism against Ockham and other nominalists.

29:21 | Mar 26th, 2017

An interview with Susan Brower-Toland covering Ockham's views on cognition, consciousness, and memory.

21:43 | Mar 12th, 2017

How the language of thought relates to spoken and written language, according to William of Ockham.

20:32 | Feb 26th, 2017

Ockham trims away the unnecessary entities posited by other scholastics.

22:17 | Jan 29th, 2017

In his book Defender of the Peace, Marsilius of Padua develops new theories of representative government, rights, and ownership.

13:31 | Jan 21st, 2017

Peter muses on recent political events in light of the history of philosophy.

19:22 | Jan 15th, 2017

Giles of Rome and Dante on the rival claims of the church and secular rulers.

20:12 | Jan 1st, 2017

Italy’s greatest poet Dante Alighieri was also a philosopher, as we learn from his Convivio and of course the Divine Comedy.

20:22 | Dec 18th, 2016

Marguerite Porete is put to death for her exploration of the love of God, The Mirror of Simple Souls.

32:03 | Dec 4th, 2016

A conversation with Tom Pink about medieval theories of freedom and action.

20:45 | Nov 20th, 2016

An introduction to philosophy in the 14th century, focusing on two big ideas: nominalism and voluntarism.

30:33 | Nov 6th, 2016

Peter hears about Duns Scotus' epistemology from expert Giorgio Pini.

24:18 | Oct 23rd, 2016

Scotus explains how things can share a nature in common while being unique individuals.

21:37 | Oct 9th, 2016

Scotus argues that morality is a matter of freely choosing to follow God’s freely issued commands.

20:10 | Sep 25th, 2016

Scotus develops a novel theory of free will and, along the way, rethinks the notions of necessity and possibility.

20:32 | Sep 11th, 2016

Duns Scotus attacks the proposal of Aquinas and Henry of Ghent that being is subject to analogy.
ARCHIVED: The podcast creator has made this episode no longer available for listening.

02:06 | Aug 6th, 2016

How to fill the month of August while the podcast is on summer break. Buy the book versions of the podcast at Oxford University Press.

26:05 | Jul 31st, 2016

Medieval discussions of the Trinity charted new metaphysical territory, as we see in this interview with Richard Cross.

20:30 | Jul 17th, 2016

Philosophy is pushed to its limits to provide rational explanations of two Christian theological doctrines.

27:26 | Jul 3rd, 2016

An interview with Martin Pickavé on voluntarism in Henry of Ghent.

20:48 | Jun 19th, 2016

Henry of Ghent, now little known but a leading scholastic in the late 13th century, makes influential proposals on all the debates of his time.

32:41 | Jun 5th, 2016

Does medieval art tell us anything about medieval theories of aesthetics? Peter finds out from Andreas Speer.

22:46 | May 22nd, 2016

Sex, reason, and religion in Jean de Meun’s completion of an allegory of courtly love, the Roman de la Rose.

21:01 | May 8th, 2016

The “modistae” explore the links between language, the mind, and reality.

22:21 | Apr 24th, 2016

Aquinas, Bonaventure, and the so-called “Latin Averroists” take up the question of whether the universe has always existed, and settle once and for all which comes first, the chicken or the egg.

23:27 | Apr 10th, 2016

Did Siger of Brabant and Boethius of Dacia, who have been called “Latin Averroists” and “radical Aristotelians,” really embrace a doctrine of “double truth”?

41:17 | Mar 27th, 2016

Peter answers listener questions on the nature of philosophy and the podcast series.

21:27 | Mar 13th, 2016

Two rounds of condemnations at Paris declare certain philosophical teachings as heretical. But what were the long term effects?

28:06 | Feb 28th, 2016

Scott MacDonald joins Peter to discuss Thomas Aquinas' views on human knowledge.

21:59 | Feb 14th, 2016

Aquinas follows medieval legal thinkers in defining the conditions under which war may be justified, and proposes his famous doctrine of double effect.

24:11 | Jan 31st, 2016

Natural law and political legitimacy in thirteenth century thinkers up to and including Thomas Aquinas.

20:56 | Jan 17th, 2016

Natural and supernatural virtue and happiness in Thomas Aquinas and his teacher, Albert the Great.

19:38 | Jan 3rd, 2016

Thomas Aquinas makes controversial claims concerning the unity of the soul and the empirical basis of human knowledge.

22:21 | Dec 20th, 2015

An introduction to Thomas Aquinas, his views on faith and reason, and his famous “five ways” of proving God’s existence.

33:34 | Dec 6th, 2015

Therese Cory tells Peter what Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas thought about self-awareness.

18:43 | Nov 22nd, 2015

Albert the Great’s theory of being and his attempt to explain what changes in the human mind when we come to see God in the afterlife.

20:18 | Nov 8th, 2015

Albert the Great earns his nickname “universal doctor” by devoting himself to the whole of nature, from geology and botany to the study of human nature.

33:25 | Oct 25th, 2015

Was medieval logic "formal"? Peter finds out from Catarina Dutilh Novaes.

21:57 | Oct 11th, 2015

Robert Kilwardby is infamous for his ban on teaching certain philosophical ideas at Oxford, yet made contributions in logic and on the soul.

21:58 | Sep 27th, 2015

Two Beguine authors, Hadewijch and Mechthild of Magdeburg, deploy the tropes of courtly love in vernacular writings about their mystical experiences.

21:53 | Aug 9th, 2015

Bonaventure and Peter Olivi respond to critics of the Franciscan vow of poverty, in a debate which produced new ideas about economics and rights.

24:57 | Aug 2nd, 2015

Medieval ideas about what animals do and do not have in common with humans, and how we should treat them.

23:49 | Jul 26th, 2015

Peter Olivi proposes that awareness occurs not through passively being affected by things, but by actively paying attention to them.

22:11 | Jul 19th, 2015

Bonaventure argues that human knowledge depends on an illumination from God.

30:58 | Jul 12th, 2015

Charles Burnett tells Peter about the role of magic in medieval intellectual life.

22:48 | Jul 5th, 2015

Roger Bacon extols the power of science based on experience and uses a general theory of "species" to explain light and vision.

19:46 | Jun 28th, 2015

Translator, scientist and theologian Robert Grosseteste sheds light on the cosmos, human understanding, and the rainbow.

19:24 | Jun 21st, 2015

The scholastics explore Aristotle’s ethical teaching and the concept of moral conscience.

23:28 | Jun 14th, 2015

Philip the Chancellor introduces the transcendentals, a key idea in medieval metaphysics and aesthetics.

21:21 | Jun 7th, 2015

John Blund and William of Auvergne draw on Aristotle and Avicenna to argue that the soul is immaterial and immortal.

22:07 | May 31st, 2015

Richard Rufus and anonymous commentators on Aristotle explore the nature of motion, time, infinity and space.

23:28 | May 24th, 2015

The terminist logicians William of Sherwood and Peter of Spain classify the various ways that language can relate to the world.

28:16 | May 17th, 2015

Kent Emery joins Peter to discuss the effects of monastic and university culture on medieval philosophy.

22:04 | May 10th, 2015

The emergence of universities in Paris, Oxford, Bologna and elsewhere provide the main setting for medieval philosophy in the 13th century and beyond.

23:44 | May 3rd, 2015

Greek and Arabic sources are rendered into Latin in a translation movement that will revolutionize medieval philosophy.

22:22 | Apr 26th, 2015

The life, visions, political intrigues and scientific interests of Hildegard of Bingen.

34:29 | Apr 19th, 2015

A discussion about Roman law and its reception in the medieval period, with ancient law expert Caroline Humfress.

22:12 | Apr 12th, 2015

Gratian and Peter Lombard help bring scholasticism to maturity by systematizing law and theology.

22:13 | Apr 5th, 2015

The “Investiture Contest” between church and state and the first major work of medieval political philosophy, John of Salisbury’s Policraticus.

29:16 | Mar 28th, 2015

Andrew Arlig joins Peter to discuss medieval discussions of mereology (the study of parts and wholes).

22:30 | Mar 22nd, 2015

Gilbert of Poitiers proposes a unique way to explain how each individual is the individual it is.

1:01:11 | Mar 15th, 2015

In this special episode, Peter chats with the hosts of the History of the Crusades, History of Byzantium, and British History podcasts.

19:13 | Mar 8th, 2015

As early medieval science blossoms, Bernard Silvestris and Alan of Lille personify Nature in their philosophical prose-poems.

22:08 | Feb 27th, 2015

The controversial role of Chartres in the philosophical Renaissance of the twelfth century.

22:40 | Feb 22nd, 2015

Discussion, debate and denunciation of philosophical attempts to explain the Trinity in Abelard, Richard of St Victor and Bernard of Clairvaux.

23:21 | Feb 15th, 2015

Hugh of Saint Victor and other scholars of the same abbey combine secular learning with spirituality.

27:34 | Feb 8th, 2015

John Marenbon returns to the podcast to discuss Abelard's views on necessity and freedom..

21:11 | Feb 1st, 2015

Peter Abelard sets out an innovative ethical theory that identifies intentions as the core of moral life.

19:13 | Jan 25th, 2015

Peter Abelard and Heloise prove themselves to be fascinating thinkers as well as star-crossed lovers.

23:11 | Jan 18th, 2015

Abelard and other logicians of the 12th century argue over the status of universals: are they words or things?

24:20 | Jan 11th, 2015

Anselm expert Eileen Sweeney discusses his approach to philosophy and the devotional aspect of his works.

19:39 | Jan 4th, 2015

The most famous argument in medieval philosophy is Anselm's proof of God's existence. But how is it supposed to work?

19:40 | Dec 28th, 2014

Anselm offers more than his famous ontological argument, including a subtle account of human freedom.

20:12 | Dec 21st, 2014

Peter Damian takes up a question with surprising philosophical implications: can God restore virginity to a woman who has lost it?

22:51 | Dec 13th, 2014

Little-known authors prepare the way for scholasticism with glosses on logic, metaphysical debate, and a poem about a cat.

30:50 | Dec 5th, 2014

Stephen Gersh (who was Peter's doctoral advisor!) joins him to discuss the sources and influence of Platonism in the Middle Ages.

38:53 | Nov 29th, 2014

We celebrate reaching episode 200 with a special double interview on the problem of defining medieval philosophy.

22:17 | Nov 22nd, 2014

Eriugena delves into the Greek tradition to produce his masterpiece of metaphysics and theology, the Periphyseon.

22:09 | Nov 16th, 2014

John Scotus Eriugena debates free will with his rival Gottschalk, arguing that God predestines the saved but not the damned.

20:57 | Nov 9th, 2014

Alcuin leads a resurgence of interest in philosophy and the liberal arts at the court of Charlemagne.

20:02 | Nov 3rd, 2014

Peter launches the series of podcasts on philosophy in medieval Latin Christendom with a look ahead at what’s to come.

44:12 | Oct 26th, 2014

Anke von Kügelgen joins Peter to discuss developments over the last century or so, including attitudes towards past thinkers like Avicenna, Averroes and Ibn Taymiyya.

22:45 | Oct 19th, 2014

From Sabzawārī in the 19th century to Seyyed Hossein Nasr today, Iranian thinkers promote and respond to the thought of Mullā Ṣadrā.

23:13 | Oct 12th, 2014

Muḥammad 'Abdūh and Muḥammad Iqbāl challenge colonialism and the traditional religious scholars of Islam.

22:41 | Oct 6th, 2014

Fatema Mernissi and others challenge the long-standing (but not complete) exclusion of women from the intellectual traditions of Islam.

24:43 | Oct 3rd, 2014

18th and 19th century intellectuals in India and the Ottoman empire, from Shāh Walī Allāh to the Young Turks, continue Islamic traditions and grapple with European science.

22:15 | Aug 24th, 2014

Kātib Çelebi defends cigarettes and coffee, in just one of several philosophical and religious debates in the Ottoman empire.

23:55 | Aug 17th, 2014

Ideas spread to Mughal India from Iran, and prince Dārā Shikūh seeks to unite the wisdom of the Upanishads with the Koran.

0:00 | Aug 10th, 2014

Sajjad Rizvi talks to Peter about Mullā Ṣadrā's views on eternity, God's knowledge and the afterlife.

21:21 | Aug 3rd, 2014

Mullā Ṣadrā proposes that all things are like sharks: in constant motion.

22:08 | Jul 27th, 2014

Mullā Ṣadrā, greatest thinker of early modern Iran, unveils his radical new understanding of existence.

24:23 | Jul 20th, 2014

Philosophy in Safavid Iran, and a look back at earlier philosophy among Shiites.

30:28 | Jul 13th, 2014

Robert Wisnovsky joins Peter to discuss the enormous body of unstudied philosophical commentaries in the later Eastern Islamic world.

22:09 | Jul 6th, 2014

The roots of the Safavid philosophical tradition in some rather ill-tempered debates at Shīrāz.

21:44 | Jun 29th, 2014

Philosophy and science survive and even thrive through the coming of the Mongols.

21:13 | Jun 22nd, 2014

The controversial jurist Ibn Taymiyya sets forth an originalist theory of law and a searching criticism of the philosophers’ logic.

22:33 | Jun 16th, 2014

Later Islamic logicians try to solve the Liar Paradox and take on the advances of Avicenna's logic.
ARCHIVED: The podcast creator has made this episode no longer available for listening.

03:27 | Jun 12th, 2014

Peter announces the appearance of the first HoPWaG book and plans to cover Indian philosophy with Jonardon Ganeri.

37:26 | Jun 8th, 2014

Peter is joined by Mohammed Rustom in a discussion about Sufi authors including Ibn 'Arabī and Rūmī

22:36 | Jun 1st, 2014

The Persian poet Rūmī and mystical philosopher al-Qūnawī carry on the legacy of Sufism.

21:43 | May 24th, 2014

Avicenna’s distinction between essence and existence triggers a running debate among philosophers and theologians.

23:19 | May 18th, 2014

Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s controversial career sees him adopt and then abandon Ismāʿīlism, team up with the Mongols, and offer a staunch defense of Avicenna.

22:09 | May 11th, 2014

The Illuminationists carry on Suhrawardī’s critique of “Peripatetic” philosophy and wonder if they will be reborn as giraffes.

23:25 | May 4th, 2014

Suhrawardī, founder of the Illuminationist (ishrāqī) tradition, proposes a metaphysics of light on the basis of his theory of knowledge by presence

22:48 | Apr 27th, 2014

The hugely influential Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī weaves Avicenna and Islamic theology into complex dialectical treatments of time, God, the soul, and ethics.

21:22 | Apr 19th, 2014

Abū l-Barakāt al-Baghdādī makes up his own mind about physics and the soul, and along the way inaugurates a new style of doing philosophy.

23:55 | Apr 13th, 2014

An introduction to later developments in philosophical theology, sufism, and Illuminationism, focusing on the reception and critique of Avicenna.

33:05 | Apr 6th, 2014

Leading scholar of medieval Jewish thought Gad Freudenthal joins Peter in a concluding episode on Andalusian thought.

22:27 | Mar 30th, 2014

Joseph Albo and Isaac Abravanel critique Maimonides’ attempt to lay down foundations for the Jewish law.

24:01 | Mar 23rd, 2014

The rich symbolism of the Zohar and the spiritual practices of Abraham Abluafia feature in the mystical movement known as Kabbalah.

22:51 | Mar 16th, 2014

The Book of Job provokes Saadia, Maimonides, Ibn Tibbon and Gersonides to reflect on why God allows suffering.

29:12 | Mar 9th, 2014

Tamar Rudavsky joins Peter to talk about the two great medieval Jewish thinkers after Maimonides: Gersonides and Crescas.

24:01 | Mar 2nd, 2014

Ḥasdai Crescas shows Aristotelian physics who’s boss, by defending alternative conceptions of time, place and infinity.

21:54 | Feb 23rd, 2014

The super-commentator Gersonides and other Jews digest the ideas of Averroes.

22:06 | Feb 16th, 2014

Maimonides’ works provoke a bitter dispute among Jews in France and Spain over the relation of philosophy to Judaism.

26:56 | Feb 8th, 2014

Maimonides as a "Mediterranean thinker": Peter is joined by Sarah Stroumsa.

20:47 | Feb 2nd, 2014

Maimonides tries to settle the eternity of the world debate by declaring a draw.

20:11 | Jan 26th, 2014

The great Jewish philosopher and legal scholar Maimonides, and the ideas in his Mishneh Torah and Guide for the Perplexed.

20:32 | Jan 19th, 2014

Baḥya Ibn Paquda and Maimonides explore the ethical dimension of the Jewish scriptures and legal tradition.

22:55 | Jan 12th, 2014

Abraham Ibn Ezra, Ibn Daud and Maimonides consider the philosophical implications of astrology as science flourishes in the Jewish culture of Andalusia.

23:35 | Jan 5th, 2014

Judah Hallevi argues that Judaism has a better claim to belief than philosophy, Christianity, or Islam.

30:38 | Dec 29th, 2013

Peter chats with Sarah Pessin about the Neoplatonism of Jewish philosophers such as Isaac Israeli, Ibn Gabirol, and Maimonides.

23:18 | Dec 22nd, 2013

Neoplatonism returns in Ibn Gabriol, who controversially holds that everything apart from God has both matter and form.

24:19 | Dec 15th, 2013

The historian Ibn Khaldūn applies the methods of philosophy to understand the rise and fall of political regimes.

25:06 | Dec 8th, 2013

Sufism, the mystical tradition of Islam, collides with philosophy in the work of Ibn ʿArabī.

29:08 | Dec 1st, 2013

Averroes scholar Richard C. Taylor joins Peter to talk about Averroes' views on the relation between Islam and philosophy.

23:35 | Nov 24th, 2013

Averroes defends the rather surprising notion that all of mankind shares a single intellect.

0:00 | Nov 17th, 2013

A special 150th double interview episode on the transmission of philosophy from Arabic into Latin.

24:20 | Nov 9th, 2013

An introduction to “the Commentator” Averroes, and his defense of philosophy in the Decisive Treatise.

23:41 | Nov 3rd, 2013

Intellect and alienation in Ibn Bājja and Ibn Ṭufayl, author of the philosophical desert island castaway tale “Ḥayy Ibn Yaqẓān.”

26:31 | Oct 27th, 2013

The development of Islamic law and jurisprudence (fiqh), and the many-sided output of the legal theorist Ibn Ḥazm.

22:20 | Oct 20th, 2013

The flowering of philosophy among Muslims and Jews in al-Andalus (Muslim-controlled Spain and Portugal).

23:55 | Oct 13th, 2013

Why did al-Ghazālī judge "the philosophers" to be apostates? Peter finds out from Frank Griffel.

22:45 | Oct 6th, 2013

In his “Incoherence of the Philosophers,” al-Ghazālī attacks Avicenna’s theories about the eternity of the universe and insists on the possibility of miracles.

22:27 | Sep 29th, 2013

Al-Ghazālī’s search for truth leads him to philosophy, Asharite theology, and ultimately the mystical tradition of Sufism.

29:52 | Sep 22nd, 2013

Peter talks to Dimitri Gutas about Avicenna's sources, philosophical methods, and influence.

21:38 | Sep 15th, 2013

With his Flying Man argument, Avicenna explores self-awareness and the relation between soul and body.

23:07 | Aug 4th, 2013

Avicenna’s proof of the Necessary Existent is ingenious and influential; but does it amount to a proof of God’s existence?

20:55 | Jul 28th, 2013

Avicenna revolutionizes metaphysics with groundbreaking ideas about necessity and contingency, and his new distinction between essence and existence.

22:51 | Jul 21st, 2013

Despite a tumultuous life, Avicenna manages to become the most influential of all medieval philosophers.

23:40 | Jul 14th, 2013

Al-Ash‘arī puts his stamp on the future of Islamic theology by emphasizing God’s untrammeled power and freedom.

26:00 | Jul 7th, 2013

Peter is joined by Farhad Daftary, a leading expert on the Shiite group known as the Ismā'īlīs.

26:11 | Jun 30th, 2013

Miskawayh, al-‘Amiri, al-Tawhidi, the Brethren of Purity and Ismaili missionaries bring together philosophy with Persian culture, literature and Islam.

22:22 | Jun 23rd, 2013

Drawing on Galen and Aristotle, philosophers from al-Kindi to Miskawayh compose ethical works designed us to achieve health in soul, as well as body.

28:09 | Jun 16th, 2013

Peter turns DJ, with some actual music interspersed with discussion about theories of music in Arabic philosophical texts.

22:00 | Jun 9th, 2013

Ibn al-Haytham draws on the tradition of geometrical optics to explain the mystery of human eyesight.

30:46 | Jun 2nd, 2013

Deborah Black joins Peter to talk about al-Farabi's innovations concerning knowledge and certainty.

0:00 | May 26th, 2013

Al-Fārābī combines Islam and Greek sources to present the ideal ruler as a philosopher who is also a prophet.

24:07 | May 19th, 2013

Peter begins to look at the systematic rethinking of Hellenic philosophy offered by al-Farabi, focusing on his logic and metaphysics.

24:01 | May 12th, 2013

A group of mostly Christian philosophers transpose the practices of antique Aristotelian philosophy to 10th century Baghdad.

26:55 | May 5th, 2013

A double dose of Peters, as Pormann joins Adamson to discuss medicine and philosophy in the Islamic world.

0:00 | Apr 28th, 2013

The doctor and philosopher Abu Bakr al-Razi sets out a daring philosophical theory involving five eternal principles: God, soul, matter, time and place.

22:57 | Apr 21st, 2013

Saadia Gaon draws on Greek philosophy and Islamic theology to provide a rational account of Jewish belief.