Philosophy & Other Big Ideas

History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps

Peter Adamson

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Peter Adamson, Professor of Philosophy at the LMU in Munich and at King\'s College London, takes listeners through the history of philosophy, \"without any gaps.\" The series looks at the ideas, lives and historical context of the major philosophers ...Show More
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HoP 323 - Through His Works You Shall Know Him - Palamas and Hesychasm

18:42 | Apr 21st

Gregory Palamas and the controversy over his teaching that we can go beyond human reason by grasping God through his activities or “energies”.
HoP 322 - Do the Math - Science in the Palaiologan Renaissance

20:30 | Apr 7th

Mathematics and the sciences in Byzantium, focusing on scholars of the Palaiologan period like Blemmydes and Metochites.
HoP 321 - Judith Herrin on Byzantium and Islam

32:32 | Mar 24th

Historian Judith Herrin joins us to talk about competition and mutual influence between Islam and Byzantium.
HoP 320 - People of the South - Byzantium and Islam

20:09 | Mar 10th

Intellectual exchange between Christians and Muslims, and the later flowering of Syriac literature including the philosopher Bar Hebraeus.
HoP 319 - Georgia on My Mind - Petritsi and the Proclus Revival

18:59 | Feb 24th

The Neoplatonist Proclus gets mixed reviews from Christians, as Nicholas of Methone refutes him but the Georgian philosopher Ioane Petritsi helps to revive his thought.
HoP 318 - Oliver Primavesi on Greek Manuscripts

36:01 | Feb 10th

Peter's Munich colleague Oliver Primavesi tells us how Greek manuscripts are used to establish the text of authors like Aristotle.
HoP 317 - Made by Hand - Byzantine Manuscripts

24:20 | Jan 27th

Without handwritten copies produced by Byzantine scribes, we would know almost nothing about ancient philosophy. How and why were they made?
HoP 316 - Just Measures - Law, Money, and War in Byzantium

22:16 | Jan 13th

Legal and economic thought in Byzantium: the sources of the law’s authority, the relation of church and civil law, just price, and just war.
HoP 315 - Wiser Than Men - Gender in Byzantium

20:32 | Dec 30th, 2018

The role of women in Byzantine society and the complex attitudes surrounding eunuchs: did they make up a “third gender”?
HoP 314 - Katerina Ierodiakonou on Byzantine Commentaries

30:45 | Dec 16th, 2018

A chat about commentaries on Aristotle from Byzantium with guest Katerina Ierodiakonou.
HoP 313 - Queen of the Sciences - Anna Komnene and her Circle

20:43 | Dec 2nd, 2018

Princess Anna Komnene makes good use of her political retirement by gathering a circle of scholars to write commentaries on Aristotle.
HoP 312 - Past Masters - Byzantine Historiography

19:43 | Nov 18th, 2018

The larger meaning of history in the chronicles written by Michael Psellos, Michael Attaleiates, Anna Komnene, and Niketas Choniates.
HoP 311 - The Elements of Style - Rhetoric in Byzantium

19:38 | Nov 4th, 2018

Psellos and other experts in rhetoric explore how this art of persuasion relates to philosophy.
HoP 310 - Purple Prose - Byzantine Political Philosophy

23:50 | Oct 21st, 2018

Byzantine political thought from the time of Justinian down to the Palaiologos dynasty wrestles with the nature and scope of imperial power.
HoP 309 - Hooked on Classics - Italos and the Debate over Pagan Learning

19:57 | Oct 7th, 2018

The trial of John Italos and other signs of Byzantine disquiet with the pagan philosophical tradition.
HoP 308 - Dominic O'Meara on Michael Psellos

31:50 | Sep 23rd, 2018

Dominic O'Meara speaks to Peter about Michael Psellos, focusing especially on his political philosophy.
HoP 307 - Consul of the Philosophers - Michael Psellos

17:20 | Sep 9th, 2018

Michael Psellos and his attitude towards pagan philosophy and the political life.
Bonus Episode - Glenn Adamson on Material Intelligence

31:21 | Aug 11th, 2018

Peter's twin brother Glenn Adamson discusses the philosophical implications of craft.
HoP 306 - Collectors’ Items - Photius and Byzantine Compilations

19:43 | Jul 29th, 2018

Photius, “the inventor of the book review,” and other Byzantine scholars who preserved ancient learning.
HoP 305 - Andrew Louth on John of Damascus

29:43 | Jul 15th, 2018

Peter is joined by Andrew Louth for a discussion of John of Damascus and his theological use of philosophy.
HoP 304 - Behind Enemy Lines - John of Damascus

19:39 | Jul 1st, 2018

John of Damascus helps to shape the Byzantine understanding of humankind and the veneration of images, despite living in Islamic territory.
HoP 303 - Don’t Picture This - Iconoclasm

21:25 | Jun 17th, 2018

Is it idolatry to venerate an icon of a saint, or of Christ? The dispute leads the Byzantines to ponder the relation between an image and its object.
HoP 302 - On the Eastern Front - Philosophy in Syriac and Armenian

21:05 | Jun 3rd, 2018

Eastern Christian philosophy outside of Constantinople, focusing on translation and exegesis in the languages of Syriac and Armenian.
HoP 301 - The Empire Strikes Back - Introduction to Byzantine Philosophy

23:20 | May 20th, 2018

We begin to look at the third tradition of medieval philosophy, in which the heritage of classical antiquity is preserved and debated by the Byzantines.
HoP 300b - The Relevance of Medieval Philosophy Today

1:13:06 | May 6th, 2018

Peter King, Catarina Dutilh Novaes, and Russ Friedman discuss their approaches to medieval philosophy, and its contemporary relevance.
HoP 300a - The Relevance of Ancient Philosophy Today

1:21:29 | Apr 22nd, 2018

Rachel Barney, Christof Rapp, and Mark Kalderon join Peter to discuss the importance of ancient philosophy for today's philosophers.
HoP 299 - Robert Pasnau on Substance in Scholasticism

30:05 | Apr 8th, 2018

Bob Pasnau joins Peter to discuss ideas about substance from Aquinas down to the time of Locke, Leibniz and Descartes.
HoP 298 - Renaissance Men - Ramon Llull and Petrarch

21:59 | Mar 25th, 2018

The Renaissance ideals of humanism and universal science flourish already in the medieval period, in the works of Petrarch and Ramon Llull.
HoP 297 - The Prague Spring - Scholasticism Across Europe

20:46 | Mar 11th, 2018

New ideas and and new universities in Italy and greater Germany including Vienna and Prague, where Jan Hus carries on the radical ideas of Wyclif.
HoP 296 - Morning Star of the Reformation - John Wyclif

19:09 | Feb 25th, 2018

John Wyclif refutes nominalism and inspires the Lollard movement, which anticipated Reformation thought with its critique of the church.
HoP 295 - The Most Christian Doctor - Jean Gerson

20:44 | Feb 11th, 2018

Jean Gerson’s role in the political disputes of his day, the spread of lay devotion and affective mysticism, and the debate over the Romance of the Rose initiated by Christine de Pizan.
HoP 294 - Isabel Davis on Sexuality and Marriage in Chaucer

31:49 | Jan 28th, 2018

Peter is joined by Isabel Davis to discuss marriage, sex and chastity in Chaucer, focusing on the Wife of Bath's speech.
HoP 293 - The Good Wife - Gender and Sexuality in the Middle Ages

23:24 | Jan 14th, 2018

Medieval attitudes towards homosexuality, sex and chastity, and the status of women. Authors discussed include Aquinas, Catherine of Siena, and Chaucer.
HoP 292 - Say it With Poetry - Chaucer and Langland

20:03 | Dec 31st, 2017

Philosophical themes in Chaucer’s “Canterbury Tales” and “Troilus and Criseyde,” as well as Langland’s “Piers Plowman.”
HoP 291 - Alle Maner of Thyng Shall be Welle - English Mysticism

18:48 | Dec 17th, 2017

Julian of Norwich’s Shewings and the Cloud of Unknowing lay out challenging paths to knowledge of, and union with, God.
HoP 290 - Martin Pickavé on Emotions in Medieval Philosophy

29:14 | Dec 3rd, 2017

Martin Pickavé returns to the podcast to talk about theories of the emotions in Aquinas, Scotus and Wodeham.
HoP 289 - A Wing and a Prayer - Angels in Medieval Philosophy

20:46 | Nov 19th, 2017

Be surprised by how many philosophical problems arise in connection with angels (how many can dance on the head of a pin is not one of them).
HoP 288 - Men in Black - The German Dominicans

19:45 | Nov 5th, 2017

Dietrich of Freiberg, Berthold of Moosburg, John Tauler and Henry Suso explore Neoplatonism and mysticism.
HoP 287 - Down to the Ground - Meister Eckhart

18:37 | Oct 22nd, 2017

The scholastic and mystic Meister Eckhart sets out his daring speculations about God and humankind in both Latin and German.
HoP 286 - On the Money - Medieval Economic Theory

21:35 | Oct 8th, 2017

Changing ideas about money, just price, and usury, up to the time of Buridan, Oresme, and Gregory of Rimini.
HoP 285 - Dominik Perler on Medieval Skepticism

28:59 | Sep 24th, 2017

The medievals were too firm in their beliefs to entertain skeptical worries, right? Don't be so sure, as Peter learns from Dominik Perler.
HoP 284 - Seeing is Believing - Nicholas of Autrecourt’s Skeptical Challenge

22:04 | Aug 13th, 2017

The debate between Nicholas of Autrecourt and John Buridan on whether it is possible to achieve certain knowledge.
HoP 283 - Jack Zupko on John Buridan

32:22 | Jul 30th, 2017

Peter speaks to Jack Zupko about John Buridan's secular and parsimonious approach to philosophy.
HoP 282 - Portrait of the Artist - John Buridan

20:29 | Jul 16th, 2017

The hipster’s choice for favorite scholastic, John Buridan, sets out a nominalist theory of knowledge and language, and explains the workings of free will.
HoP 281 - Monica Green on Medieval Medicine

37:26 | Jul 2nd, 2017

An interview with Monica Green reveals parallels between medicine and philosophy in the middle ages.
HoP 280 - Get to the Point - Fourteenth Century Physics

20:49 | Jun 18th, 2017

Ockham, Buridan, Oresme and Francis of Marchia explore infinity, continuity, atomism, and the impetus involved in motion.
HoP 279 - Quadrivial Pursuits - the Oxford Calculators

21:52 | Jun 4th, 2017

Bradwardine and other thinkers based at Oxford make breakthroughs in physics by applying mathematics to motion.
HoP 278 - Sara Uckelman on Obligations

43:17 | May 21st, 2017

Sara Uckelman soundly defeats Peter in the medieval logical game of "obligations."
HoP 277 - Trivial Pursuits - Fourteenth Century Logic

19:40 | May 7th, 2017

The scholastics discuss the ambiguity of terms, the nature of logical inference, and logical paradoxes, and play the game of “obligations.”
HoP 276 - Back to the Future - Foreknowledge and Predestination

20:33 | Apr 23rd, 2017

Scotus, Ockham, and Bradwardine ask how we can be free if God knows and chooses the things we will do in the future.
HoP 275 - Keeping it Real - Responses to Ockham

20:04 | Apr 9th, 2017

Walter Burley flies the flag for realism against Ockham and other nominalists.
HoP 274 - Susan Brower-Toland on Ockham's Philosophy of Mind

29:21 | Mar 26th, 2017

An interview with Susan Brower-Toland covering Ockham's views on cognition, consciousness, and memory.
HoP 273 - What Do You Think? - Ockham on Mental Language

21:43 | Mar 12th, 2017

How the language of thought relates to spoken and written language, according to William of Ockham.
HoP 272 - A Close Shave - Ockham’s Nominalism

20:32 | Feb 26th, 2017

Ockham trims away the unnecessary entities posited by other scholastics.
HoP 270 - Render unto Caesar - Marsilius of Padua

22:17 | Jan 29th, 2017

In his book Defender of the Peace, Marsilius of Padua develops new theories of representative government, rights, and ownership.
Democracy and the History of Philosophy

13:31 | Jan 21st, 2017

Peter muses on recent political events in light of the history of philosophy.
HoP 269 - Our Power is Real - The Clash of Church and State

19:22 | Jan 15th, 2017

Giles of Rome and Dante on the rival claims of the church and secular rulers.
HoP 268 - To Hell and Back - Dante Alighieri

20:12 | Jan 1st, 2017

Italy’s greatest poet Dante Alighieri was also a philosopher, as we learn from his Convivio and of course the Divine Comedy.
HoP 267 - After Virtue - Marguerite Porete

20:22 | Dec 18th, 2016

Marguerite Porete is put to death for her exploration of the love of God, The Mirror of Simple Souls.
HoP 266 - Tom Pink on the Will

32:03 | Dec 4th, 2016

A conversation with Tom Pink about medieval theories of freedom and action.
HoP 265 - Time of the Signs - the Fourteenth Century

20:45 | Nov 20th, 2016

An introduction to philosophy in the 14th century, focusing on two big ideas: nominalism and voluntarism.
HoP 264 - Giorgio Pini on Scotus on Knowledge

30:33 | Nov 6th, 2016

Peter hears about Duns Scotus' epistemology from expert Giorgio Pini.
HoP 263 - One in a Million - Scotus on Universals and Individuals

24:18 | Oct 23rd, 2016

Scotus explains how things can share a nature in common while being unique individuals.
HoP 262 - On Command - Scotus on Ethics

21:37 | Oct 9th, 2016

Scotus argues that morality is a matter of freely choosing to follow God’s freely issued commands.
HoP 261 - To Will or Not to Will - Scotus on Freedom

20:10 | Sep 25th, 2016

Scotus develops a novel theory of free will and, along the way, rethinks the notions of necessity and possibility.
HoP 260 - Once and for All - Scotus on Being

20:32 | Sep 11th, 2016

Duns Scotus attacks the proposal of Aquinas and Henry of Ghent that being is subject to analogy.
Summer Reading

02:06 | Aug 6th, 2016

How to fill the month of August while the podcast is on summer break. Buy the book versions of the podcast at Oxford University Press.
HoP 259 - Richard Cross on Philosophy and the Trinity

26:05 | Jul 31st, 2016

Medieval discussions of the Trinity charted new metaphysical territory, as we see in this interview with Richard Cross.
HoP 258 - Here Comes the Son - The Trinity and the Eucharist

20:30 | Jul 17th, 2016

Philosophy is pushed to its limits to provide rational explanations of two Christian theological doctrines.
HoP 257 - Martin Pickave on Henry of Ghent and Freedom

27:26 | Jul 3rd, 2016

An interview with Martin Pickavé on voluntarism in Henry of Ghent.
HoP 256 - Frequently Asked Questions - Henry of Ghent

20:48 | Jun 19th, 2016

Henry of Ghent, now little known but a leading scholastic in the late 13th century, makes influential proposals on all the debates of his time.
HoP 255 - Andreas Speer on Medieval Aesthetics

32:41 | Jun 5th, 2016

Does medieval art tell us anything about medieval theories of aesthetics? Peter finds out from Andreas Speer.
HoP 254 - Love, Reign Over Me - The Romance of the Rose

22:46 | May 22nd, 2016

Sex, reason, and religion in Jean de Meun’s completion of an allegory of courtly love, the Roman de la Rose.
HoP 253 - Let Me Count the Ways - Speculative Grammar

21:01 | May 8th, 2016

The “modistae” explore the links between language, the mind, and reality.
HoP 252 - Neverending Story - the Eternity of the World

22:21 | Apr 24th, 2016

Aquinas, Bonaventure, and the so-called “Latin Averroists” take up the question of whether the universe has always existed, and settle once and for all which comes first, the chicken or the egg.
HoP 251 - Masters of the University - “Latin Averroism"

23:27 | Apr 10th, 2016

Did Siger of Brabant and Boethius of Dacia, who have been called “Latin Averroists” and “radical Aristotelians,” really embrace a doctrine of “double truth”?
HoP 250 - Q&A

41:17 | Mar 27th, 2016

Peter answers listener questions on the nature of philosophy and the podcast series.
HoP 249 - Paris When it Sizzles - the Condemnations

21:27 | Mar 13th, 2016

Two rounds of condemnations at Paris declare certain philosophical teachings as heretical. But what were the long term effects?
HoP 248 - Scott MacDonald on Aquinas

28:06 | Feb 28th, 2016

Scott MacDonald joins Peter to discuss Thomas Aquinas' views on human knowledge.
HoP 247 - Onward, Christian Soldiers - Just War Theory

21:59 | Feb 14th, 2016

Aquinas follows medieval legal thinkers in defining the conditions under which war may be justified, and proposes his famous doctrine of double effect.
HoP 246 - What Pleases the Prince - The Rule of Law

24:11 | Jan 31st, 2016

Natural law and political legitimacy in thirteenth century thinkers up to and including Thomas Aquinas.
HoP 245 - What Comes Naturally - Ethics in Albert and Aquinas

20:56 | Jan 17th, 2016

Natural and supernatural virtue and happiness in Thomas Aquinas and his teacher, Albert the Great.
HoP 244 - Everybody Needs Some Body - Aquinas on Soul and Knowledge

19:38 | Jan 3rd, 2016

Thomas Aquinas makes controversial claims concerning the unity of the soul and the empirical basis of human knowledge.
HoP 243 - The Ox Heard Round the World - Thomas Aquinas

22:21 | Dec 20th, 2015

An introduction to Thomas Aquinas, his views on faith and reason, and his famous “five ways” of proving God’s existence.
HoP 242 - Therese Cory on Self-Awareness in Albert and Aquinas

33:34 | Dec 6th, 2015

Therese Cory tells Peter what Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas thought about self-awareness.
HoP 241 - The Shadow Knows - Albert the Great’s Metaphysics

18:43 | Nov 22nd, 2015

Albert the Great’s theory of being and his attempt to explain what changes in the human mind when we come to see God in the afterlife.
HoP 240 - Animal, Vegetable, Mineral - Albert the Great’s Natural Philosophy

20:18 | Nov 8th, 2015

Albert the Great earns his nickname “universal doctor” by devoting himself to the whole of nature, from geology and botany to the study of human nature.
HoP 239 - Catarina Dutilh Novaes on Medieval Logic

33:25 | Oct 25th, 2015

Was medieval logic "formal"? Peter finds out from Catarina Dutilh Novaes.
HoP 238 - Binding Arbitration - Robert Kilwardby

21:57 | Oct 11th, 2015

Robert Kilwardby is infamous for his ban on teaching certain philosophical ideas at Oxford, yet made contributions in logic and on the soul.
HoP 237 - Begin the Beguine - Hadewijch and Mechthild of Magdeburg

21:58 | Sep 27th, 2015

Two Beguine authors, Hadewijch and Mechthild of Magdeburg, deploy the tropes of courtly love in vernacular writings about their mystical experiences.
HoP 236 - None for Me, Thanks - Franciscan Poverty

21:53 | Aug 9th, 2015

Bonaventure and Peter Olivi respond to critics of the Franciscan vow of poverty, in a debate which produced new ideas about economics and rights.
HoP 235 - Juhana Toivanen on Animals in Medieval Philosophy

24:57 | Aug 2nd, 2015

Medieval ideas about what animals do and do not have in common with humans, and how we should treat them.
HoP 234 - Your Attention Please - Peter Olivi

23:49 | Jul 26th, 2015

Peter Olivi proposes that awareness occurs not through passively being affected by things, but by actively paying attention to them.
HoP 233 - Stairway to Heaven - Bonaventure

22:11 | Jul 19th, 2015

Bonaventure argues that human knowledge depends on an illumination from God.
HoP 232 - Charles Burnett on Magic

30:58 | Jul 12th, 2015

Charles Burnett tells Peter about the role of magic in medieval intellectual life.
HoP 231 - Origin of Species - Roger Bacon

22:48 | Jul 5th, 2015

Roger Bacon extols the power of science based on experience and uses a general theory of "species" to explain light and vision.
HoP 230 - A Light That Never Goes Out - Robert Grosseteste

19:46 | Jun 28th, 2015

Translator, scientist and theologian Robert Grosseteste sheds light on the cosmos, human understanding, and the rainbow.
HoP 229 - Do the Right Thing - Thirteenth Century Ethics

19:24 | Jun 21st, 2015

The scholastics explore Aristotle’s ethical teaching and the concept of moral conscience.
HoP 228 - It's All Good - The Transcendentals

23:28 | Jun 14th, 2015

Philip the Chancellor introduces the transcendentals, a key idea in medieval metaphysics and aesthetics.
HoP 227 - Stayin’ Alive - Thirteenth Century Psychology

21:21 | Jun 7th, 2015

John Blund and William of Auvergne draw on Aristotle and Avicenna to argue that the soul is immaterial and immortal.
HoP 226 - Full of Potential - Thirteenth Century Physics

22:07 | May 31st, 2015

Richard Rufus and anonymous commentators on Aristotle explore the nature of motion, time, infinity and space.
HoP 225 - No Uncertain Terms - Thirteenth Century Logic

23:28 | May 24th, 2015

The terminist logicians William of Sherwood and Peter of Spain classify the various ways that language can relate to the world.
HoP 224 - Kent Emery on Institutions of Learning

28:16 | May 17th, 2015

Kent Emery joins Peter to discuss the effects of monastic and university culture on medieval philosophy.
HoP 223 - Straw Men - The Rise of the Universities

22:04 | May 10th, 2015

The emergence of universities in Paris, Oxford, Bologna and elsewhere provide the main setting for medieval philosophy in the 13th century and beyond.
HoP 222 - Rediscovery Channel - Translations into Latin

23:44 | May 3rd, 2015

Greek and Arabic sources are rendered into Latin in a translation movement that will revolutionize medieval philosophy.
HoP 221 - Leading Light - Hildegard of Bingen

22:22 | Apr 26th, 2015

The life, visions, political intrigues and scientific interests of Hildegard of Bingen.
HoP 220 - Caroline Humfress on the Roots of Medieval Law

34:29 | Apr 19th, 2015

A discussion about Roman law and its reception in the medieval period, with ancient law expert Caroline Humfress.
HoP 219 - Law and Order - Gratian and Peter Lombard

22:12 | Apr 12th, 2015

Gratian and Peter Lombard help bring scholasticism to maturity by systematizing law and theology.
HoP 218 - Two Swords - Early Medieval Political Philosophy

22:13 | Apr 5th, 2015

The “Investiture Contest” between church and state and the first major work of medieval political philosophy, John of Salisbury’s Policraticus.
HoP 217 - Andrew Arlig on Parts and Wholes

29:16 | Mar 28th, 2015

Andrew Arlig joins Peter to discuss medieval discussions of mereology (the study of parts and wholes).
HoP 216 - One of a Kind - Gilbert of Poitiers on Individuation

22:30 | Mar 22nd, 2015

Gilbert of Poitiers proposes a unique way to explain how each individual is the individual it is.
HoP 215 - The Medieval Podcasters

1:01:11 | Mar 15th, 2015

In this special episode, Peter chats with the hosts of the History of the Crusades, History of Byzantium, and British History podcasts.
HoP 214 - The Good Book - Philosophy of Nature

19:13 | Mar 8th, 2015

As early medieval science blossoms, Bernard Silvestris and Alan of Lille personify Nature in their philosophical prose-poems.
HoP 213 - On the Shoulders of Giants - Philosophy at Chartres

22:08 | Feb 27th, 2015

The controversial role of Chartres in the philosophical Renaissance of the twelfth century.
HoP 212 - Like Father, Like Son - Debating the Trinity

22:40 | Feb 22nd, 2015

Discussion, debate and denunciation of philosophical attempts to explain the Trinity in Abelard, Richard of St Victor and Bernard of Clairvaux.
HoP 211 - Learn Everything - the Victorines

23:21 | Feb 15th, 2015

Hugh of Saint Victor and other scholars of the same abbey combine secular learning with spirituality.
HoP 210 - John Marenbon on Peter Abelard

27:34 | Feb 8th, 2015

John Marenbon returns to the podcast to discuss Abelard's views on necessity and freedom..
HoP 209 - It’s the Thought that Counts - Abelard’s Ethics

21:11 | Feb 1st, 2015

Peter Abelard sets out an innovative ethical theory that identifies intentions as the core of moral life.
HoP 208 - Get Thee to a Nunnery - Heloise and Abelard

19:13 | Jan 25th, 2015

Peter Abelard and Heloise prove themselves to be fascinating thinkers as well as star-crossed lovers.
HoP 207 - All or Nothing - The Problem of Universals

23:11 | Jan 18th, 2015

Abelard and other logicians of the 12th century argue over the status of universals: are they words or things?
HoP 206 - Eileen Sweeney on Anselm

24:20 | Jan 11th, 2015

Anselm expert Eileen Sweeney discusses his approach to philosophy and the devotional aspect of his works.
HoP 205 - Somebody's Perfect - Anselm's Ontological Argument

19:39 | Jan 4th, 2015

The most famous argument in medieval philosophy is Anselm's proof of God's existence. But how is it supposed to work?
HoP 204 - A Canterbury Tale - Anselm's Life and Works

19:40 | Dec 28th, 2014

Anselm offers more than his famous ontological argument, including a subtle account of human freedom.
HoP 203 - Virgin Territory - Peter Damian on Changing the Past

20:12 | Dec 21st, 2014

Peter Damian takes up a question with surprising philosophical implications: can God restore virginity to a woman who has lost it?
HoP 202 - Philosophers Anonymous - the Roots of Scholasticism

22:51 | Dec 13th, 2014

Little-known authors prepare the way for scholasticism with glosses on logic, metaphysical debate, and a poem about a cat.
HoP 201 - Stephen Gersh on Medieval Platonism

30:50 | Dec 5th, 2014

Stephen Gersh (who was Peter's doctoral advisor!) joins him to discuss the sources and influence of Platonism in the Middle Ages.
HoP 200 - Jill Kraye and John Marenbon on Medieval Philosophy

38:53 | Nov 29th, 2014

We celebrate reaching episode 200 with a special double interview on the problem of defining medieval philosophy.
HoP 199 - Much Ado About Nothing - Eriugena's Periphyseon

22:17 | Nov 22nd, 2014

Eriugena delves into the Greek tradition to produce his masterpiece of metaphysics and theology, the Periphyseon.
HoP 198 - Grace Notes - Eriugena and the Predestination Controversy

22:09 | Nov 16th, 2014

John Scotus Eriugena debates free will with his rival Gottschalk, arguing that God predestines the saved but not the damned.
HoP 197 - Charles in Charge - The Carolingian Renaissance

20:57 | Nov 9th, 2014

Alcuin leads a resurgence of interest in philosophy and the liberal arts at the court of Charlemagne.
HoP 196 - Arts of Darkness - Introduction to Medieval Philosophy

20:02 | Nov 3rd, 2014

Peter launches the series of podcasts on philosophy in medieval Latin Christendom with a look ahead at what’s to come.
HoP 195 - Anke von Kügelgen on Contemporary Islamic Thought

44:12 | Oct 26th, 2014

Anke von Kügelgen joins Peter to discuss developments over the last century or so, including attitudes towards past thinkers like Avicenna, Averroes and Ibn Taymiyya.
HoP 194 - Iran So Far - After Ṣadrā

22:45 | Oct 19th, 2014

From Sabzawārī in the 19th century to Seyyed Hossein Nasr today, Iranian thinkers promote and respond to the thought of Mullā Ṣadrā.
HoP 193 - All for One and One for All - Muḥammad 'Abdūh and Muḥammad Iqbāl

23:13 | Oct 12th, 2014

Muḥammad 'Abdūh and Muḥammad Iqbāl challenge colonialism and the traditional religious scholars of Islam.
HoP 192 - The Stronger Sex - Women Scholars and Islam

22:41 | Oct 6th, 2014

Fatema Mernissi and others challenge the long-standing (but not complete) exclusion of women from the intellectual traditions of Islam.
HoP 191 - The Young Ones: Encounters with European Thought

24:43 | Oct 3rd, 2014

18th and 19th century intellectuals in India and the Ottoman empire, from Shāh Walī Allāh to the Young Turks, continue Islamic traditions and grapple with European science.
HoP 190 - Turkish Delights - Philosophy under the Ottomans

22:15 | Aug 24th, 2014

Kātib Çelebi defends cigarettes and coffee, in just one of several philosophical and religious debates in the Ottoman empire.
HoP 189 - Subcontinental Drift - Philosophy in Islamic India

23:55 | Aug 17th, 2014

Ideas spread to Mughal India from Iran, and prince Dārā Shikūh seeks to unite the wisdom of the Upanishads with the Koran.
HoP 188 - Sajjad Rizvi on Mulla Sadra

0:00 | Aug 10th, 2014

Sajjad Rizvi talks to Peter about Mullā Ṣadrā's views on eternity, God's knowledge and the afterlife.
HoP 187 - Return to Sender - Mulla Sadra on Motion and Knowledge

21:21 | Aug 3rd, 2014

Mullā Ṣadrā proposes that all things are like sharks: in constant motion.
HoP 186 - To Be, Continued - Mulla Sadra on Existence

22:08 | Jul 27th, 2014

Mullā Ṣadrā, greatest thinker of early modern Iran, unveils his radical new understanding of existence.
HoP 185 - Follow the Leader - Philosophy under the Safavids

24:23 | Jul 20th, 2014

Philosophy in Safavid Iran, and a look back at earlier philosophy among Shiites.
HoP 184 - Robert Wisnovsky on Commentary Culture

30:28 | Jul 13th, 2014

Robert Wisnovsky joins Peter to discuss the enormous body of unstudied philosophical commentaries in the later Eastern Islamic world.
HoP 183 - Family Feud - Philosophy at Shiraz

22:09 | Jul 6th, 2014

The roots of the Safavid philosophical tradition in some rather ill-tempered debates at Shīrāz.
HoP 182 - Aftermath - Philosophy and Science in the Mongol Age

21:44 | Jun 29th, 2014

Philosophy and science survive and even thrive through the coming of the Mongols.
HoP 181 - By the Book - Ibn Taymiyya

21:13 | Jun 22nd, 2014

The controversial jurist Ibn Taymiyya sets forth an originalist theory of law and a searching criticism of the philosophers’ logic.
HoP 180 - Proof Positive - The Logical Tradition

22:33 | Jun 16th, 2014

Later Islamic logicians try to solve the Liar Paradox and take on the advances of Avicenna's logic.
HoP Announcements 2

03:27 | Jun 12th, 2014

Peter announces the appearance of the first HoPWaG book and plans to cover Indian philosophy with Jonardon Ganeri.
HoP 179 - Mohammed Rustom on Philosophical Sufism

37:26 | Jun 8th, 2014

Peter is joined by Mohammed Rustom in a discussion about Sufi authors including Ibn 'Arabī and Rūmī
HoP 178 - Eyes Wide Shut - Rumi and Philosophical Sufism

22:36 | Jun 1st, 2014

The Persian poet Rūmī and mystical philosopher al-Qūnawī carry on the legacy of Sufism.
HoP 177 - To Be or Not to Be - Debating Avicenna’s Metaphysics

21:43 | May 24th, 2014

Avicenna’s distinction between essence and existence triggers a running debate among philosophers and theologians.
HoP 176 - A Man for all Seasons - al-Tusi

23:19 | May 18th, 2014

Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s controversial career sees him adopt and then abandon Ismāʿīlism, team up with the Mongols, and offer a staunch defense of Avicenna.
HoP 175 - Bright Ideas - Illuminationism

22:09 | May 11th, 2014

The Illuminationists carry on Suhrawardī’s critique of “Peripatetic” philosophy and wonder if they will be reborn as giraffes.
HoP 174 - Leading Light - Suhrawardi

23:25 | May 4th, 2014

Suhrawardī, founder of the Illuminationist (ishrāqī) tradition, proposes a metaphysics of light on the basis of his theory of knowledge by presence
HoP 173 - For the Sake of Argument - Fakhr al-Din al-Razi

22:48 | Apr 27th, 2014

The hugely influential Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī weaves Avicenna and Islamic theology into complex dialectical treatments of time, God, the soul, and ethics.
HoP 172 - All Things Considered - Abu l-Barakat al-Baghdadi

21:22 | Apr 19th, 2014

Abū l-Barakāt al-Baghdādī makes up his own mind about physics and the soul, and along the way inaugurates a new style of doing philosophy.
HoP 171 - Golden Ages - The Later Eastern Traditions

23:55 | Apr 13th, 2014

An introduction to later developments in philosophical theology, sufism, and Illuminationism, focusing on the reception and critique of Avicenna.
HoP 170 - Gad Freudenthal on Jewish Philosophy and Science

33:05 | Apr 6th, 2014

Leading scholar of medieval Jewish thought Gad Freudenthal joins Peter in a concluding episode on Andalusian thought.
HoP 169 - A Matter of Principles - Albo and Abravanel

22:27 | Mar 30th, 2014

Joseph Albo and Isaac Abravanel critique Maimonides’ attempt to lay down foundations for the Jewish law.
HoP 168 - Chariot of Fire - Kabbalah

24:01 | Mar 23rd, 2014

The rich symbolism of the Zohar and the spiritual practices of Abraham Abluafia feature in the mystical movement known as Kabbalah.
HoP 167 - When Bad Things Happen to Good People - Suffering in Jewish Philosophy

22:51 | Mar 16th, 2014

The Book of Job provokes Saadia, Maimonides, Ibn Tibbon and Gersonides to reflect on why God allows suffering.
HoP 166 - Tamar Rudavsky on Gersonides and Crescas

29:12 | Mar 9th, 2014

Tamar Rudavsky joins Peter to talk about the two great medieval Jewish thinkers after Maimonides: Gersonides and Crescas.
HoP 165 - Neither the Time Nor the Place - Hasdai Crescas

24:01 | Mar 2nd, 2014

Ḥasdai Crescas shows Aristotelian physics who’s boss, by defending alternative conceptions of time, place and infinity.
HoP 164 - Man and Superman - Gersonides and the Jewish Reaction to Averroes

21:54 | Feb 23rd, 2014

The super-commentator Gersonides and other Jews digest the ideas of Averroes.
HoP 163 - Burnt Offerings - The Maimonides Controversy

22:06 | Feb 16th, 2014

Maimonides’ works provoke a bitter dispute among Jews in France and Spain over the relation of philosophy to Judaism.
HoP 162 - Sarah Stroumsa on Maimonides

26:56 | Feb 8th, 2014

Maimonides as a "Mediterranean thinker": Peter is joined by Sarah Stroumsa.
HoP 161 - He Moves in Mysterious Ways - Maimonides on Eternity

20:47 | Feb 2nd, 2014

Maimonides tries to settle the eternity of the world debate by declaring a draw.
HoP 160 - The Great Eagle - Maimonides

20:11 | Jan 26th, 2014

The great Jewish philosopher and legal scholar Maimonides, and the ideas in his Mishneh Torah and Guide for the Perplexed.
HoP 159 - With All Your Heart - Ethics and Judaism

20:32 | Jan 19th, 2014

Baḥya Ibn Paquda and Maimonides explore the ethical dimension of the Jewish scriptures and legal tradition.
HoP 158 - Born Under a Bad Sign - Freedom and Astrology in Jewish Philosophy

22:55 | Jan 12th, 2014

Abraham Ibn Ezra, Ibn Daud and Maimonides consider the philosophical implications of astrology as science flourishes in the Jewish culture of Andalusia.
HoP 157 - Choosing My Religion - Judah Hallevi

23:35 | Jan 5th, 2014

Judah Hallevi argues that Judaism has a better claim to belief than philosophy, Christianity, or Islam.
HoP 156 - Sarah Pessin on Jewish Neoplatonism

30:38 | Dec 29th, 2013

Peter chats with Sarah Pessin about the Neoplatonism of Jewish philosophers such as Isaac Israeli, Ibn Gabirol, and Maimonides.
HoP 155 - Matter over Mind - Ibn Gabirol

23:18 | Dec 22nd, 2013

Neoplatonism returns in Ibn Gabriol, who controversially holds that everything apart from God has both matter and form.
HoP 154 - The Philosophy of History - Ibn Khaldun

24:19 | Dec 15th, 2013

The historian Ibn Khaldūn applies the methods of philosophy to understand the rise and fall of political regimes.
HoP 153 - A Matter of Taste – Ibn Arabi and Mysticism

25:06 | Dec 8th, 2013

Sufism, the mystical tradition of Islam, collides with philosophy in the work of Ibn ʿArabī.
HoP 152 - Richard Taylor on Averroes

29:08 | Dec 1st, 2013

Averroes scholar Richard C. Taylor joins Peter to talk about Averroes' views on the relation between Islam and philosophy.
HoP 151 - Single Minded - Averroes on the Intellect

23:35 | Nov 24th, 2013

Averroes defends the rather surprising notion that all of mankind shares a single intellect.
HoP 150 - Charles Burnett and Dag N Hasse on Arabic Latin Translations

0:00 | Nov 17th, 2013

A special 150th double interview episode on the transmission of philosophy from Arabic into Latin.
HoP 149 - Back to Basics - Averroes on Reason and Religion

24:20 | Nov 9th, 2013

An introduction to “the Commentator” Averroes, and his defense of philosophy in the Decisive Treatise.
HoP 148 - Fantasy Island - Ibn Bajja and Ibn Tufayl

23:41 | Nov 3rd, 2013

Intellect and alienation in Ibn Bājja and Ibn Ṭufayl, author of the philosophical desert island castaway tale “Ḥayy Ibn Yaqẓān.”
HoP 147 - Laying Down the Law – Ibn Hazm and Islamic Legal Theory

26:31 | Oct 27th, 2013

The development of Islamic law and jurisprudence (fiqh), and the many-sided output of the legal theorist Ibn Ḥazm.
HoP 146 - Philosophy's Reign in Spain - Andalusia

22:20 | Oct 20th, 2013

The flowering of philosophy among Muslims and Jews in al-Andalus (Muslim-controlled Spain and Portugal).
HoP 145 - Frank Griffel on al-Ghazali

23:55 | Oct 13th, 2013

Why did al-Ghazālī judge "the philosophers" to be apostates? Peter finds out from Frank Griffel.
HoP 144 - Miracle Worker - al-Ghazali against the Philosophers

22:45 | Oct 6th, 2013

In his “Incoherence of the Philosophers,” al-Ghazālī attacks Avicenna’s theories about the eternity of the universe and insists on the possibility of miracles.
HoP 143 - Special Delivery - al-Ghazali

22:27 | Sep 29th, 2013

Al-Ghazālī’s search for truth leads him to philosophy, Asharite theology, and ultimately the mystical tradition of Sufism.
HoP 142 - Dimitri Gutas on Avicenna

29:52 | Sep 22nd, 2013

Peter talks to Dimitri Gutas about Avicenna's sources, philosophical methods, and influence.
HoP 141 - Into Thin Air - Avicenna on the Soul

21:38 | Sep 15th, 2013

With his Flying Man argument, Avicenna explores self-awareness and the relation between soul and body.
HoP 140 - By All Means Necessary - Avicenna on God

23:07 | Aug 4th, 2013

Avicenna’s proof of the Necessary Existent is ingenious and influential; but does it amount to a proof of God’s existence?
HoP 139 - By the Time I Get to Phoenix - Avicenna on Existence

20:55 | Jul 28th, 2013

Avicenna revolutionizes metaphysics with groundbreaking ideas about necessity and contingency, and his new distinction between essence and existence.
HoP 138 - The Self-Made Man - Avicenna's Life and Works

22:51 | Jul 21st, 2013

Despite a tumultuous life, Avicenna manages to become the most influential of all medieval philosophers.
HoP 137 - God Willing – the Asharites

23:40 | Jul 14th, 2013

Al-Ash‘arī puts his stamp on the future of Islamic theology by emphasizing God’s untrammeled power and freedom.
HoP 136 - Farhad Daftary on the Ismailis

26:00 | Jul 7th, 2013

Peter is joined by Farhad Daftary, a leading expert on the Shiite group known as the Ismā'īlīs.
HoP 135 - Undercover Brothers – Philosophy in the Buyid Age

26:11 | Jun 30th, 2013

Miskawayh, al-‘Amiri, al-Tawhidi, the Brethren of Purity and Ismaili missionaries bring together philosophy with Persian culture, literature and Islam.
HoP 134 - Balancing Acts - Arabic Ethical Literature

22:22 | Jun 23rd, 2013

Drawing on Galen and Aristotle, philosophers from al-Kindi to Miskawayh compose ethical works designed us to achieve health in soul, as well as body.
HoP 133 - Strings Attached - Music and Philosophy

28:09 | Jun 16th, 2013

Peter turns DJ, with some actual music interspersed with discussion about theories of music in Arabic philosophical texts.
HoP 132 - Eye of the Beholder - Theories of Vision

22:00 | Jun 9th, 2013

Ibn al-Haytham draws on the tradition of geometrical optics to explain the mystery of human eyesight.
HoP 131 - Deborah Black on al-Farabi's Epistemology

30:46 | Jun 2nd, 2013

Deborah Black joins Peter to talk about al-Farabi's innovations concerning knowledge and certainty.
HoP 130 - State of Mind - al-Farabi on Religion and Politics

0:00 | May 26th, 2013

Al-Fārābī combines Islam and Greek sources to present the ideal ruler as a philosopher who is also a prophet.
HoP 129 - The Second Master - al-Farabi

24:07 | May 19th, 2013

Peter begins to look at the systematic rethinking of Hellenic philosophy offered by al-Farabi, focusing on his logic and metaphysics.
HoP 128 - Aristotelian Society - the Baghdad School

24:01 | May 12th, 2013

A group of mostly Christian philosophers transpose the practices of antique Aristotelian philosophy to 10th century Baghdad.
HoP 127 - Peter E Pormann on Medicine in the Islamic World

26:55 | May 5th, 2013

A double dose of Peters, as Pormann joins Adamson to discuss medicine and philosophy in the Islamic world.
HoP 126 - High Five - al-Razi

0:00 | Apr 28th, 2013

The doctor and philosopher Abu Bakr al-Razi sets out a daring philosophical theory involving five eternal principles: God, soul, matter, time and place.
HoP 125 - Reasoned Belief - Saadia Gaon

22:57 | Apr 21st, 2013

Saadia Gaon draws on Greek philosophy and Islamic theology to provide a rational account of Jewish belief.
HoP 124 - The Chosen Ones - Judaism and Philosophy

23:45 | Apr 14th, 2013

The roots of Jewish philosophy in the Islamic world, focusing on the Rabbinic background in the Mishnah and Talmud, and the thought of early figures like Isaac Israeli.
HoP 123 - Philosopher of the Arabs - al-Kindi

22:02 | Apr 7th, 2013

Al-Kindī uses Hellenic materials to discuss the eternity of the world, divine attributes, and the nature of the soul.
HoP 122 - Founded in Translation - From Greek to Syriac and Arabic

22:54 | Mar 30th, 2013

Greek philosophy and science make their way into the Islamic world via Syriac and Arabic translations and interpretations.
HoP 121 - This is a Test - the Mutazilites

26:15 | Mar 24th, 2013

A first look at the philosophical contributions of Islamic theology (kalām) and its political context, focusing on the Muʿtazilites Abū l-Hudhayl and al-Naẓẓām.
HoP 120 - The Straight Path - Philosophy in the Islamic World

22:53 | Mar 16th, 2013

The rise of Islam creates a new context for philosophy not only among Muslims, but also Jews and Christians.
HoP 119 - John Marenbon on Boethius

25:53 | Mar 10th, 2013

John Marenbon joins Peter to discuss Boethius' solution to the problem of divine foreknowledge.
HoP 118 - Fate, Hope and Clarity - Boethius

21:40 | Mar 3rd, 2013

Boethius ushers in the medieval age with expert works on Aristotle, subtle treatises on theology, and the Consolation of Philosophy, written while he awaited execution.
HoP 117 - Born Again - Latin Platonism

23:30 | Feb 24th, 2013

Apuleius, Victorinus, Martianus Cappella, Macrobius and Calcidius present and interpret Platonic teachings for readers of Latin.
HoP 116 - Charles Brittain on Augustine's On the Trinity

26:12 | Feb 17th, 2013

In a final episode on Augustine, Charles Brittain joins Peter to discuss On the Trinity.
HoP 115 - Me, Myself and I - Augustine on Mind and Memory

21:46 | Feb 9th, 2013

In On the Trinity Augustine explores the human mind as an image of God.
HoP 114 - Sarah Byers on Augustine's Ethics

29:55 | Feb 3rd, 2013

Peter speaks with Sarah Byers about the Stoic influence on Augustine's ethics and theory of action.
HoP 113 - Heaven and Earth - Augustine’s City of God

23:20 | Jan 27th, 2013

In his City of God Augustine traces the histories and philosophical underpinnings of two “cities,” one devoted to worldly glory, the other to heavenly bliss.
HoP 112 - Help Wanted - Augustine on Freedom

22:54 | Jan 20th, 2013

Augustine defends free will, but rejects the Pelagian claim that we can be good without God's help.
HoP 111 - Papa Don't Teach - Augustine on Language

22:18 | Jan 13th, 2013

Augustine argues that words are signs, but not signs that can bring us to knowledge.
HoP 110 - Life and Time - Augustine's Confessions

21:48 | Jan 6th, 2013

In the Confessions Augustine weaves autobiography with reflections on the nature of God, man, and time.
HoP 109 - Spreading the Word - the Latin Church Fathers

23:51 | Dec 30th, 2012

Tertullian, Lactantius, Jerome and Ambrose use and abuse Hellenic philosophy.
HoP 108 - George Boys-Stones on the Greek Church Fathers

25:02 | Dec 23rd, 2012

George Boys-Stones joins Peter to discuss philosophy in the Bible and the Greek Fathers.
HoP 107 - Practice Makes Perfect - Christian Asceticism

24:10 | Dec 16th, 2012

Christian ascetics like Antony, Macrina and Evagrius create a new ethical ideal by pushing the human capacity for self-control to its limits.
HoP 106 - Double or Nothing - Maximus the Confessor

22:32 | Dec 9th, 2012

The early Byzantine thinker Maximus uses Aristotle to defend the orthodox view of Christ's two natures
HoP 105 - Naming the Nameless - the Pseudo-Dionysius

22:15 | Dec 2nd, 2012

A mysterious author calling himself Dionysius fuses Neoplatonism with Christianity
HoP 104 - Let's Talk Turkey - the Cappadocians

22:59 | Nov 25th, 2012

Basil of Caesarea, his brother Gregory of Nyssa, and Gregory of Nazianzus use philosophy to help the poor and to defeat their theological opponents
HoP 103 - Fall and Rise - Origen

24:52 | Nov 17th, 2012

Origen of Alexandria weaves Platonic ideas into new and controversial theological ideas
HoP 102 - Please Accept Our Apologies - the Greek Church Fathers

24:23 | Nov 11th, 2012

Irenaeus, Clement and Justin Martyr consider the relevance of philosophy for Christianity
HoP 101 - Father Figures - Introduction to Ancient Christian Philosophy

23:24 | Nov 4th, 2012

An overview of what the Church Fathers contributed to ancient philosophy
HoP 100 - Michael Trapp and Caroline Humfress on Ancient Culture and Philosophy

38:30 | Oct 28th, 2012

A special double interview celebrates reaching 100 episodes by looking at the cultural status of philosophy in the ancient world
HoP 099 - Richard Sorabji on the Commentators

27:50 | Oct 21st, 2012

Richard Sorabji joins Peter to discuss the ancient commentators on Aristotle
HoP 098 - For a Limited Time Only - John Philoponus

23:01 | Oct 14th, 2012

John Philoponus refutes Aristotle’s and Proclus’ arguments for the eternity of the universe, and develops new ideas in physics.
HoP 097 - A Tale of Two Cities - The Last Pagan Philosophers

25:19 | Oct 7th, 2012

Julian the Apostate and the philosophers of Athens and Alexandria try to keep pagan philosophy alive in the late Roman empire
HoP 096 - Dominic O'Meara on Neoplatonism

28:37 | Sep 30th, 2012

Dominic O'Meara speaks with Peter about political philosophy and mathematics in Neoplatonism
HoP 095 - Anne Sheppard on Ancient Aesthetics

24:23 | Sep 23rd, 2012

Anne Sheppard joins Peter to discuss aesthetics from Plato to Proclus
HoP 094 - The Platonic Successor - Proclus

23:40 | Sep 16th, 2012

Proclus displays late Neoplatonism in all its glory
HoP 093 - Pythagorean Theorems - Iamblichus

23:58 | Sep 8th, 2012

Iamblichus fuses Platonism with pagan religious conviction and sets the agenda for Neoplatonism in generations to come.
HoP 092 - King of Animals - Porphyry

21:31 | Sep 2nd, 2012

Porphyry defends vegetarianism and the harmony of Plato and Aristotle
HoP 091 - James Wilberding on Nature and Neoplatonism

24:30 | Aug 26th, 2012

James Wilberding joins Peter to examine what Plotinus and Porphyry contributed to the philosophy of nature
HoP 090 - A Decorated Corpse – Plotinus on Matter and Evil

23:01 | Jul 22nd, 2012

Plotinus struggles to explain the presence of suffering, evil and ugliness in a world caused by purely good principles – and tells us what role we should play in that world.
HoP 089 - On the Horizon - Plotinus on the Soul

23:01 | Jul 15th, 2012

For Plotinus, Soul is on the border between the physical and intelligible realms. Can he convince us to identify ourselves with its highest part?
HoP 088 - Simplicity Itself - Plotinus on the One and Intellect

22:30 | Jul 8th, 2012

Plotinus posits an absolutely transcendent first principle, the One. What is it (or isn’t it), and how does it relate to Intellect?
HoP 087 - A God is My Co-Pilot - the Life and Works of Plotinus

21:25 | Jul 1st, 2012

Peter introduces Plotinus, the greatest philosopher of late antiquity and the founder of Neoplatonism
HoP 086 - Serafina Cuomo on Ancient Mathematics

27:52 | Jun 24th, 2012

How did the mathematics of figures like Euclid and Archimides relate to ancient philosophy? Peter finds out in an interview with Serafina Cuomo
HoP 085 - Sky Writing - Astronomy, Astrology, and Philosophy

22:32 | Jun 17th, 2012

Ptolemy uses philosophy in the service of studying the stars, while philosophers of all persuasions evaluate the widespread practice of astrology.
HoP 084 - Silver Tongues in Golden Mouths - Rhetoric and Ancient Philosophy

24:25 | Jun 10th, 2012

Themistius, Quintilian, Lucian and other authors tell us about the connections between rhetoric and late ancient philosophy
HoP 083 - Not Written in Stone – Alexander of Aphrodisias

22:58 | Jun 3rd, 2012

Alexander of Aphrodisias writes the greatest ancient commentaries on Aristotle and tries to demolish the Stoic teaching on fate
HoP 082 - Lost and Found – Aristotelianism after Aristotle

0:00 | May 27th, 2012

Peter looks at the history of Aristotelianism up the time of the Roman Empire and the beginning of commentaries on his works
HoP 081 - Jan Opsomer on Middle Platonism

24:53 | May 20th, 2012

Jan Opsomer helps Peter to understand principles, Plato interpretation, and Plutarch in a wide-ranging discussion of Middle Platonism
HoP 080 - Delphic Utterances - Plutarch

22:55 | May 13th, 2012

Plutarch was a historian, a priest of Apollo, and a Platonist
HoP 079 - To the Lighthouse - Philo of Alexandria

22:20 | May 6th, 2012

Philo of Alexandria uses Platonism to understand the Bible of Moses
HoP 078 - Middle Men - the Platonic Revival

23:47 | Apr 29th, 2012

Pioneering thinkers Eudorus, Alcinous, and Numenius fuse Pythagoreanism with Platonism and pave the way for Plotinus.
HoP 077 - Caesarian Section – Philosophy in the Roman Empire

25:24 | Apr 22nd, 2012

In late antiquity, Aristotelianism and Platonism made a comeback, and pagan philosophy developed alongside Judaism and Christianity.
HoP 076 - R.J. Hankinson on Galen

28:16 | Apr 15th, 2012

Jim Hankinson tells Peter about the life, work and philosophical contributions of Galen
HoP 075 - The Joy of Sects - Ancient Medicine and Philosophy

24:10 | Apr 8th, 2012

Hellenistic doctors discover the nerves and argue about method; Galen passes judgment
HoP 074 - Tony Long on the Self in Hellenistic Philosophy

28:24 | Apr 1st, 2012

Leading Hellenistic philosophy scholar Tony Long talks to Peter about the self, ethics and politics in the Stoics, Epicureans and Skeptics
HoP 073 - Healthy Skepticism - Sextus Empiricus

22:13 | Mar 25th, 2012

Sextus Empiricus pushes skepticism to its limits with his uncompromising Pyrrhonism
HoP 072 - Raphael Woolf on Cicero

28:02 | Mar 18th, 2012

Peter discusses Cicero's method and philosophical allegiances with Raphael Woolf
HoP 071 - Rhetorical Questions - Cicero

23:08 | Mar 11th, 2012

Cicero, inspired by the skepticism of the New Academy, uses his literary talents to present the wisdom of the Greeks
HoP 070 - The Know-Nothing Party - the Skeptical Academy

23:39 | Mar 4th, 2012

The Skeptical Academy attacks Stoic claims that certain knowledge is possible
HoP 069 - Beyond Belief - Pyrrho and Skepticism

22:31 | Feb 26th, 2012

Peter begins to examine ancient Skepticism, beginning with Pyrrho's life and doctrines, or lack thereof
HoP 068 - John Sellars on the Roman Stoics

27:37 | Feb 19th, 2012

John Sellars joins Peter to discuss the Roman Stoics and their "art of living"
HoP 067 - The Philosopher King - Marcus Aurelius

23:08 | Feb 12th, 2012

Marcus Aurelius' Meditations are a classic of Stoicism written by the most powerful philosopher who ever lived
HoP 066 - You Can Chain My Leg - Epictetus

22:02 | Feb 5th, 2012

Epictetus, greatest of the Roman Stoics, tells you how to set yourself free
HoP 065 - Anger Management - Seneca

22:08 | Jan 29th, 2012

Seneca wields his rhetorically charged Latin to advance Stoic ethical theory
HoP 064 - David Sedley on Stoicism

27:09 | Jan 22nd, 2012

David Sedley discusses the Stoic school and its evolution
HoP 063 - Like a Rolling Stone - Stoic Ethics

22:25 | Jan 15th, 2012

The Stoic ethical theory insists that perfection is possible, and that moral responsibility is compatible with determinism
HoP 062 - We Didn’t Start the Fire - the Stoics on Nature

21:22 | Jan 8th, 2012

The Stoic cosmos: suffused with divinity, surrounded by void, and endlessly repeating
HoP 061 - Nobody’s Perfect - the Stoics on Knowledge

21:46 | Jan 1st, 2012

The Stoics set out and defend an ambitious theory of knowledge, where it is possible to avoid all error
HoP 060 - Walking on Eggshells - the Stoics on Logic

23:34 | Dec 25th, 2011

Introducing the early Stoics, Zeno, Cleanthes and Chrysippus, and their innovations in logic
HoP 059 - James Warren on Epicureanism

28:25 | Dec 18th, 2011

James Warren chats with Peter about the pleasures of Epicureanism
HoP 058 - Reaping the Harvest - Lucretius

22:27 | Dec 11th, 2011

In "On the Nature of Things" Lucretius sets Epicureanism into Latin poetic verse
HoP 057 - Nothing to Fear - Epicureans on Death and the Gods

22:01 | Dec 4th, 2011

The Epicureans reassure us against the terrors of death and punishment by the gods
HoP 056 - Am I Bothered? - Epicurean Ethics

22:25 | Nov 27th, 2011

Pleasure is the good, according to Epicurus. But how do we live most pleasantly?
HoP 055 - The Constant Gardener - Epicurus and his Principles

22:47 | Nov 20th, 2011

Epicurus sets out an empiricist theory of knowledge and atomist physics, in support of hedonism
HoP 054 - Instant Gratification - the Cyrenaics

21:20 | Nov 13th, 2011

The Cyrenaics, the ultimate pleasure seekers of ancient philosophy
Filling the Gaps - a Brief History of Nothing

55:11 | Nov 9th, 2011

A recording of Peter's lecture delivered on Oct 25, 2011, at the Arts and Humanities festival on "The Power of Stories" at King's College London.
HoP 053 - Beware of the Philosopher - the Cynics

22:09 | Nov 6th, 2011

Diogenes and the other Cynics “deface the currency” by exposing the hypocrisy of Greek society.
HoP 052 - Fighting Over Socrates - the Hellenistic Schools

22:42 | Oct 30th, 2011

Introducing the Stoics, Skeptics, Epicureans and Cynics, the schools of the Hellenistic age
HoP 051 - The Next Generation - the Followers of Plato and Aristotle

22:40 | Oct 23rd, 2011

The Old Academy and Theophrastus carry on the legacy of Plato and Aristotle
HoP 050 - MM McCabe and Raphael Woolf on Aristotle on Plato

36:54 | Oct 16th, 2011

Peter's colleagues MM McCabe and Raphael Woolf join him for a special 50th episode interview, to discuss Aristotle's reactions to his teacher Plato
HoP 049 - Stage Directions - Aristotle's Rhetoric and Poetics

20:44 | Oct 9th, 2011

In the Rhetoric and Poetics, Aristotle explores persuasive speech and engages with ancient tragedy
HoP 048 - Constitutional Conventions - Aristotle's Political Philosophy

21:19 | Oct 2nd, 2011

Aristotle's Politics responds to Plato's Republic and sets out its own ideas about the ideal state, the types of political constitution, and the role of women and slaves
HoP 047 God Only Knows: Aristotle on Mind and God

21:16 | Sep 25th, 2011

Drawing on the De Anima, On the Heavens, Physics and Metaphysics, Peter tackles Aristotle’s theory of mind and its relation to his theology.
HoP 046 - Dominic Scott on Aristotle's Ethics

28:31 | Sep 18th, 2011

Dominic Scott discusses Aristotle's method in his Nicomachean Ethics
HoP 045 - The Second Self - Aristotle On Pleasure And Friendship

20:39 | Sep 11th, 2011

What place does Aristotle leave for pleasure and friendship in his vision of the good life?
HoP 044 - The Goldilocks Theory - Aristotle's Ethics

20:23 | Sep 3rd, 2011

Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics on happiness and virtue
HoP 043 - Classified Information - Aristotle's Biology

22:00 | Jul 24th, 2011

In his zoology, Aristotle divides and defines all kinds of animals, and so invents the science of biology
HoP 042 - Soul Power - Aristotle's De Anima

21:12 | Jul 17th, 2011

Aristotle's theory of soul: its functions and how it relates to the body
HoP 041 - Richard Sorabji on Time and Eternity in Aristotle

26:24 | Jul 10th, 2011

Richard Sorabji discusses time, eternity and mosquitos in Aristotle's Physics
HoP 040 - Let's Get Physical - Aristotle's Natural Philosophy

22:16 | Jul 3rd, 2011

Aristotle's Physics explains change, time and place with the help of his actuality/potentiality distinction
HoP 039 - Form and Function - Aristotle's Four Causes

20:19 | Jun 26th, 2011

The four types of explanation: formal, material, efficient and final cause
HoP 038 - Down To Earth - Aristotle on Substance

20:31 | Jun 19th, 2011

Aristotle's critique of Platonic Forms and defense of his own metaphysics
HoP 037 - Hugh Benson on Aristotelian Method

26:07 | Jun 12th, 2011

Hugh Benson discusses Aristotle's ideas about arriving at knowledge
HoP 036 - A Principled Stand - Aristotle's Epistemology

20:14 | Jun 7th, 2011

Knowledge according to Aristotle's Posterior Analytics
HoP 035 - The Philosopher's Toolkit - Aristotle's Logical Works

20:45 | May 30th, 2011

Aristotle's invention of logic in the Organon (especially Categories, On Interpretation, Prior Analytics)
HoP 034 - Mr. Know It All - Aristotle's Life And Works

20:47 | May 23rd, 2011

Aristotle's career, corpus and unparalleled influence
HoP 033 - Last Judgments - Plato, Poetry and Myth

21:16 | May 16th, 2011

Plato's attack on the poets and his own use of myth in the Republic and other dialogues
HoP 032 - Frisbee Sheffield on Platonic Love

25:15 | May 9th, 2011

Frisbee Sheffield discusses Plato's erotic dialogues, including the Symposium
HoP 031 - Wings of Desire - Plato's Erotic Dialogues

21:59 | May 2nd, 2011

Love, friendship and philosophy in the Symposium, Phaedrus and Lysis
HoP 030 - A Likely Story - Plato's Timaeus

20:50 | Apr 25th, 2011

A divine craftsman makes the cosmos from triangles in Plato's Timaeus
HoP 029 - What's in a Name? - Plato's Cratylus

19:01 | Apr 18th, 2011

Philosophy of language and Heraclitean flux in Plato's Cratylus
HoP 028 - Fiona Leigh on Plato's Sophist

25:28 | Apr 11th, 2011

Fiona Leigh discusses Plato's revised theory of Forms in the Sophist
HoP 027 - Second Thoughts - Plato's Parmenides and the Forms

19:38 | Apr 4th, 2011

The Third Man Argument and other criticisms of Forms in the Parmenides
HoP 026 - Ain't No Sunshine - The Cave Allegory of Plato's Republic

19:34 | Mar 28th, 2011

The Divided Line, Form of the Good, and Cave in Plato's Republic
HoP 025 - Soul and The City - Plato's Political Philosophy

20:57 | Mar 20th, 2011

Plato's Republic defends and defines justice at the level of the ideal city and the person
HoP 024 - Famous Last Words - Plato's Phaedo

19:46 | Mar 14th, 2011

Forms and the immortality of the soul in the Phaedo
HoP 023 - MM McCabe on Knowledge in Plato

23:32 | Mar 7th, 2011

MM McCabe discusses epistemology and virtue in Plato
HoP 020 - Virtue Meets Its Match - Plato's Gorgias

18:59 | Feb 14th, 2011

Ethics against immoralism in a Socratic masterpiece.