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The History of the Twentieth Century

Mark Painter

A chronicle of the history of the twentieth century, including art, music, popular culture, science, religion, and, of course, politics and war.

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001 Age of Empires

Sep 13th, 201540:53

We take a brief look at the world as it is on 1 January 1901--the birthday of the twentieth century.

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086 Paris Cannot Hold Out

Aug 20th, 201743:08

The failure of the French counteroffensive has the Allies in retreat across the front, and it now appears there is no stopping the Germans short of Paris.

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Following Scott's acclaimed Discovery Expedition, he and Ernest Shackleton plan competing expeditions to the South Pole, along with a surprise appearance by Roald Amundsen.

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With political resentments already high, the deprivations of the harsh winter of 1916-17 cause them to boil over. The Russian Revolution has begun.

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135 Stupidity or Treason?

Nov 11th47:58

When the Great War began, Russian political factions mostly united in a common front to support the war effort, as political parties did in the other belligerent nations. But when Russia's military reversals and shortcomings in leadership became too obvious to ignore, opponents of the government began to speak up.

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With the Mexican Revolution winding down and the prospects of war between Mexico and the USA seeming increasingly remote, the German Foreign Secretary explores the idea of inviting Mexico to declare war on the United States.

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Germany was already rationing food when the bad harvests of 1916 made the situation far worse. Running out of options, the German military decides to resume unrestricted U-boat warfare.

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132 Guerre à la guerre

Oct 14th47:18

The European powers refused to negotiate, but private groups, including women's groups, socialists, and Henry Ford, pressed ahead with campaigns to bring the belligerents to the negotiating table.

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131 This Wellsian Wonder

Oct 7th38:58

The automobile and the airplane, both recent inventions that make use of the internal combustion engine, become weapons of war.

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130 He Kept Us out of War

Sep 23rd41:13

With four years of peace and progressive reform and a booming economy (due to the strong French and UK wartime demand for US imports), you would think Woodrow Wilson would cruise to an easy re-election. You would be wrong.

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129 Everywhere and Nowhere

Sep 16th43:39

In the wake of Pancho Villa's attack on the town of Columbus, New Mexico, the US Army sends an expeditionary force into Mexico in pursuit of Villa and his fighters, commanded by Gen. John "Black Jack" Pershing.

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128: A Portuguesa

Sep 9th39:25

German East Africa was the last holdout among German colonial possessions. Neighboring Portuguese and Belgian soldiers, as well as South Africans, joined in to help the British, although the British were not always happy to accept their assistance.

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The Rising begins.

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Irish nationalist extremist plot an armed uprising against British rule and reach out to Germany for assistance.

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125 Question Time

Aug 12th41:43

We take a break from the historical narrative this week as listener Brent asks the questions that (hopefully) you wanted answered.

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We conclude the four-part series on military moves in 1916 in the Great War with Brusilov's Offensive and the Battle of the Somme.

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Austria begins an offensive against Italy, Russia gears up a counteroffensive in Galicia, and the British and German Navies have it out in the Skagerrak.

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122 They Shall Not Pass

Jul 15th31:30

The fighting continued at Verdun as the Russians prepare an offensive of their own to relieve the pressure on France. A German U-boat mistakenly sinks a passenger ferry in the English Channel, triggering another controversy over submarine rules of engagement.

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The third year of the war opens with Britain and Germany as the mainstays of their respective alliances. The German Chief of Staff tries a bank shot: cripple Britain by wounding France.

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120 A Line in the Sand

Jun 24th38:02

Turkish forces defeat a British force attempting to take Baghdad, but that doesn't stop the British and the French from divvying up the postwar Middle East. Also, the Russians advance, the Italians don't.

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Venustiano Carranza is gaining momentum in the struggle over the future of Mexico, but Pancho Villa is not ready to give up. The Germans hope to lure the US into intervening, then Pancho Villa decides provoking the US is also in his interests.

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In the neutral United States, the economy is booming and so is the motion picture business. And the most famous name in pictures is Charles Chaplin.

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Allied commanders on the Western Front spent 1915 developing new strategies for the Great War, and attempted to implement them in their autumn offensive.

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With numbers of new volunteers declining every month, the British government wrestles with the issue of conscription. Across Europe, all the Great Powers are feeling the manpower and other shortages created by the war.

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115 Let Them Raise Hell

May 13th40:34

After the overthrow of Victoriano Huerta, the revolutionary forces in Mexico begin fighting among themselves, and Huerta himself conspires with the Germans to return to power.

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Albert Einstein needed ten years to flesh out his special theory of relativity into a general theory of relativity, but when he finished, he changed our understanding of the nature of reality itself.

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113 Simpson's Circus

Apr 22nd41:10

German East Africa stood strong against British attempts to capture the territory. The key to capturing the German colony was to contest German control of Lake Tanganyika.

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112 The Banana Wars II

Apr 15th50:32

Political instability and mounting foreign debts lead to US military intervention on the island of Hispaniola.

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111 The Bulgarian Summer

Apr 8th41:24

By the summer of 1915, both the Central Powers and the Allies were keen to get Bulgaria to join the war on their side. The Central Powers won the bidding war, and Bulgaria became the fourth (and last) member of the Central Powers.

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110 The Shell Shortage

Mar 25th42:40

By the spring of 1915, it was clear that the war would last for a long time and that it would be taking an economic toll on all the nations involved, and there would likely be political consequences as well. In Britain, the debate centered on whether the government was doing enough to support the French, and in particular, whether British soldiers were being supplied with enough artillery shells to get the job done.

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In early 1915, with the Western Front in a stalemate, Winston Churchill becomes the leading voice behind a plan to do an end run around the Germans and knock the Turks out of the war.

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108 This Isn't War!

Mar 11th42:07

In the spring of 1915, just before the sinking of Lusitania and in international women's conference aimed at ending the war through private diplomacy, Germany uses poison gas on the Western Front.

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107 Too Proud to Fight

Mar 4th48:00

The sinking of Lusitania and the deaths of 128 Americans was a shock. While there was little support in the US for war against Germany, there was a strong feeling that *some* kind of response was necessary. It was up to Woodrow Wilson to figure out what that would be.

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106 Breaking the Blockade

Feb 18th41:24

Germany searches for a way to break the British blockade; Britain looks for a decisive battle.

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105 The Action of a Lunatic

Feb 11th40:32

In 1914, Germany and Britain held adjacent colonial territories in East Africa. When the Great War began, Britain attempted to seize German East Africa.

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104 The Birth of a Nation

Feb 4th47:04

Another look at race relations in the USA. The formation of the NAACP and the B'nai B'rith Anti-Defamation League and the re-founding of the Ku Klux Klan. And the release of D.W. Griffith's "The Birth of a Nation."

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Germany claimed Southwest Africa as a colony in 1884. This episode reviews the history of the colony through the Great War, when it was seized by South Africa.

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102 They Showed Us the Way

Jan 14th38:25

In 1914, the war in the West ground down to a stalemate. There seemed no sign that 1915 would be any different. Allied commanders experimented with new tactics to deal with this new warfare.

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The beginning of 1915 sees the Central Powers under something like a giant siege. What can be done to break out?

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100 These Desert Places of the Earth

Dec 17th, 201742:21

The Great War was by no means restricted to Europe. In this episode, we begin an occasional series examining the war in Africa.

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099: Jihad

Dec 10th, 201739:22

When the Ottoman Empire joined the war, it opened new strategic possibilities for the Central Powers. It also led to a declaration of jihad against the Allies.

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098 Shackled to a Corpse

Dec 3rd, 201742:09

The phrase "shackled to a corpse" is often used to describe Germany's dilemma in the Great War. Surrounded by enemy nations that collectively have a greater population and larger economies, she also finds herself stuck with a disappointing alliance partner.

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097 The Banana Wars I

Nov 19th, 201753:14

By the beginning of the twentieth century, the USA was the major market for Central American coffee, cotton, sugar, and especially bananas, leading to US investment in the region, leading in turn to US involvement in Central American affairs.

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096 The Rape of Belgium

Nov 12th, 201739:03

German soldiers committed numerous war crimes against civilians in the initial offensive, especially in Belgium. The Allies made use of this for propaganda purposes, while adding lurid embellishments.

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095 The Far Seas

Nov 5th, 201748:44

When the Great War began, Germany had a number of naval units stationed around the world. These ships attempted to disrupt British shipping.

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094 The Puritan of the North

Oct 29th, 201754:55

The murder of Francisco Madero and the iron-fisted rule of Victoriano Huerta that followed might seem like the end of constitutional democracy in Mexico, but in fact the revolutionaries like the ones who had overthrown Díaz took up arms once again, and the US military occupied the Mexican port city of Veracruz.

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093 The Twenty-One Demands

Oct 22nd, 201740:18

The UK and Japan had an alliance agreement, and when the Great War began, Japan was eager to enter the conflict. Aiding their ally was nice, but the Japanese were also eyeing German colonial possessions in the Pacific.

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092 Home Before the Leaves Fall

Oct 8th, 201735:02

Kaiser Wilhelm told the troops they would be "home before the leaves fall." By autumn of 1914, it was clear they would not.

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091 The Luxury Navy

Oct 1st, 201739:40

Germany invested heavily in building itself a great navy, including paying the price of a strained relationship with the United Kingdom. Now that the world is at war, how is this navy going to be used?

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090 I Will See It Through

Sep 24th, 201743:18

The Great War began as a confrontation between Austria and Russia. It soon became about a lot more than that, but for Austria, job one is defeating the Russians, or at least holding them at bay. The Austrian Army will prove incapable of accomplishing either.

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089 A Good Five-Cent Cigar

Sep 17th, 201744:01

President Wilson pushes through more reform legislation, including the Federal Reserve Act. The outbreak of the Great War creates a financial panic in the US, and Vice President Marshall pines for the days of a really good five-cent cigar.

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088 The Miracle on the Marne

Sep 10th, 201748:53

The German First Army was only thirty miles from Paris, and the final victory was tantalizingly close. But the German Army was weakening, and the French and British not so beaten as the Germans believed.

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087 The Cossacks Are Coming!

Aug 27th, 201752:01

In response to pleas from the French, the Russian Army undertakes an invasion of East Prussia in the hope of taking some of the pressure off of France.

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085 Serbien muß sterbien

Aug 13th, 201742:46

The Great War started as a conflict between Austria and Serbia. Now, amid all the other conflicts emerging as the war goes continental, Austria makes its bid to punish Serbia for the assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand.

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084 So Much the Better

Jul 30th, 201741:55

The French plan to respond to a German offensive was a counteroffensive into the German center. The French attempted this on August 21-23; it was an utter failure.

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083 The Flight of the Goeben

Jul 23rd, 201749:48

The outbreak of the Great War saw one of the German Navy's newest and most powerful battlecruisers in the Mediterranean. She was a threat to the Entente and had to be stopped. Only...what exactly is she trying to do?

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082 No, Whatever the Consequences

Jul 16th, 201741:53

The German war plan called for a massive offensive against France that would pass through Belgium, but one of the big unknowns in German war planning was whether the Belgians would resist, and if so, how fiercely.

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081 Offense to the Utmost

Jul 9th, 201743:59

French strategists emphasized the importance of offense and planned to respond to a German invasion with an offensive of their own. British strategy increasingly revolved around joining with France in a ground war.

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080 Keep the Right Wing Very Strong

Jun 25th, 201745:40

A look at how Germany and Russia planned to fight the Great War.

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079 Lessons Learned II

Jun 18th, 201739:14

A survey of the most important reasons why the Great War happened and why the international order failed to prevent it.

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078 The Lamps Go Out II

Jun 11th, 201747:54

Germany mobilizes and declares war on Russia and France. As German troops move into Luxembourg and Belgium, the British Cabinet comes around and joins the war.

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077 The Lamps Go Out I

Jun 4th, 20171:03:08

Russia finds the Austrian ultimatum unacceptable. Austria, egged on by Germany, pursues war with Serbia anyway.

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076 Today Is Better Than Tomorrow

May 21st, 201744:00

In the four weeks following the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, the Austrian government slowly pondered its response. Meanwhile, in the rest of Europe, the murders were already being forgotten.

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075 The Great Illusion

May 14th, 201744:45

In the final days of peace, many European leaders were preoccupied with domestic problems as others debated whether war was inevitable, or obsolete.

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074 A Few Serbian Bullets

May 7th, 201738:39

Despite warnings of possible violence, the Austrian Crown Prince travels to Bosnia to observe military maneuvers. During a visit to Sarajevo, he and his wife are assassinated.

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In 1914, with victory against the Turks secured, Serb nationalist extremists look north toward Austria.

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072 England Is No Longer an Island

Apr 23rd, 201745:34

The airplane means that the English Channel may no longer be all the defense Britain needs. Women's suffrage and Irish Home Rule remain contentious issues in British politics.

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071 Like a Sinking Ship

Apr 9th, 201737:28

Just weeks after the First Balkan War ended, the Second Balkan War broke out over the spoils. When it was over, Serbia was Russia's only remaining diplomatic asset in the Balkans, and was spoiling for a fight with Austria.

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070 The Schlemiel of Europe

Apr 2nd, 201740:25

As the small Balkan states redraw the map of their region, Austria-Hungary is largely a spectator, tied up in her own scandals.

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069 Some Damned Silly Thing

Mar 26th, 201738:51

The small Balkan states have been coming together in alliance. Originally defensive, the allies came to a secret agreement to attack the Ottoman Empire together, while it was preoccupied by the war with Italy.

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068 The New Freedom

Mar 12th, 201741:55

After the difficult 1912 US Presidential election, Woodrow Wilson takes office, but the women's suffrage movement upstages him with a huge demonstration the day before.

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067 Twilight of the Belle Époque

Mar 5th, 201741:23

Alfred Binet invents IQ testing, Picasso cheers up, the Mona Lisa is stolen, and Jim Thorpe wins two gold medals at the 1912 Olympics.

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066 An Immense Box of Sand

Feb 26th, 201744:09

Italy has been angling to secure Libya as a colonial possession for some time now. But war fever broke out in 1911, partly because of the Agadir crisis, prompting Italy to declare war on the Ottoman Empire over control of the province.

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065 The Panther Leap

Feb 19th, 201738:31

The year 1910 was relatively quiet in Europe, except in the turbulent Ottoman Empire. But 1911 saw another crisis in Morocco, and renewed tensions.

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064 A Night to Remember

Feb 5th, 201755:32

One of the greatest, and certainly the most famous, of disasters at sea occurred the night of April 14, 1912, when the passenger liner Titanic sank, taking with her about 2/3 of those aboard.

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063 Like a Bull Moose

Jan 29th, 201749:51

1912 saw a Presidential election campaign unlike anything Americans had known before or since. It was America's only true three-way race, with the added drama of a grudge match between two men who had recently been friends and allies.

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061 Terra Australis

Jan 15th, 201741:18

The early twentieth century saw the exploration of the remotest land on Earth: Antarctica.

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060 Very Unkind of Those Canadians

Jan 8th, 201746:25

William Howard Taft and Wilfrid Laurier negotiate a US-Canada free trade agreement, but it blows up when the Canadians get the idea that it is a step toward US annexation. The Standard Oil Company is broken up, US Senator "Fighting Bob" La Follette moves to challenge Taft for the 1912 Republican nomination, and "Alexander's Ragtime Band" takes the US and Europe by storm.

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059 Ultima Thule

Dec 23rd, 201642:27

Explorers came to the far north first, in search of a route to the Far East, and later in search of the North Pole itself. The question of who got there first is surprisingly complicated.

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058 The Republic of China

Dec 18th, 201646:39

After years of unrest, an accidental revolution breaks out on October 10, 1911, that will end the Empire and establish a Republic. Japan annexes Korea.

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057 In My Merry Oldsmobile

Dec 11th, 201641:59

Self-propelled vehicles that can carry passengers on roads are not exactly new; people have been experimenting with them since the late 18th century. But in the early years of the twentieth century, the automobile finally becomes a practical mode of transportation.

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The year 1910 saw a fierce debate in the UK, including two general elections, over the role of the House of Lords in a modern, democratic state. The British King Edward VII passed away in the middle of the crisis, moving some Tories to blame his death on the Prime Minister.

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055 So Far From God

Nov 20th, 201639:37

Mexico began the century under the rule of the now elderly Porfirio Diaz. But Diaz was not able to keep up with changing times, and the fall of his rule is the opening chapter of the Mexican Revolution.

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054 A Martian Odyssey

Nov 13th, 201644:25

The early years of the century saw two  important comets and the biggest meteorite strike on the Earth in recorded history. There was also a lot of attention paid to the planet Mars, amid speculation that Mars might be home to life. Maybe even intelligent life.

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053 Take Advice From Theodore

Nov 6th, 201644:24

Roosevelt had pledged not to seek another term as President, and was concerned that his successor preserve and build upon his Progressive legacy. He chose William Howard Taft as his political heir, but after Taft's election, the two men would part ways.

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052 TUOBGN

Oct 30th, 201638:53

The development of radio and related technologies at the beginning of the century heralded the birth of what we now call electronics, and with it, mass media.

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051 Goodbye, Youth!

Oct 23rd, 201648:29

In 1908, Austria-Hungary formally annexed Bosnia, which she had been governing for 30 years. For the first time in Franz Josef's 60-year reign, Austria was gaining, rather than losing, territory. A cause for celebration, right?

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050 The Prison of Nations

Oct 9th, 201642:07

We take a look at the convoluted ethnic makeup of Austria-Hungary as well as some of the principal Austrian cultural figures of the time.

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049 Tales of Old Vienna

Oct 2nd, 201637:29

The Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary struggles to remain relevant in the quickly changing nineteenth century.

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048 The Flight of Icarus

Sep 25th, 201648:51

Wilbur and Orville Wright, working out of the limelight, succeed in developing the first heavier-than-air craft capable of carrying a human being on a controlled flight.

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047s Documents

Sep 21st, 201610:13

This 1870-ish American poem shows us something of the public attitude toward those who were working to build a flying machine during this period.

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047 Icarus Rising

Sep 18th, 201638:20

Surprisingly, small-scale flying machines have been around for centuries. It was not a question of theory, but an engineering problem: finding the right materials and designs to build a craft capable of carrying a human being through the air.

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046 Deeds Not Words

Sep 11th, 201634:41

Despite the Liberals winning a landslide election in 1906, the political situation in the UK was turbulent. Liberal constituencies were jockeying for favor. The new Labour Party and the working classes were increasing in power. The women's suffrage movement was getting militant, even violent. And the Irish Question hung over everything.

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045 The God of Dance

Aug 28th, 201655:37

Sergei Diaghilev's most enduring influence on twentieth century art was the Ballets Russes, a modern ballet company he created, starring the greatest male ballet dancer of the twentieth century and Diaghilev's lover, Vaslav Nijinsky.

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044 Charlatan and Charmer

Aug 21st, 201635:41

In the early twentieth century, the Russian Sergei Diaghilev was the "bad boy" of the Russian art world. It's safe to say he was the most important figure in twentieth century art who was not himself an artist.

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043 Carry a Big Stick

Aug 14th, 201644:39

The United States intervenes militarily in Cuba and elsewhere in Latin America. A great earthquake strikes San Francisco, triggering racial discrimination and an economic downturn. The Brownsville Affair. And Roosevelt takes "In God We Trust" off the $20 coin.

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042 A Square Deal for Every Man

Aug 7th, 201646:05

After breaking the Vice Presidents' curse, Roosevelt begins his second (and last) term as President. 1906 proves to be a good year, as Roosevelt gets much of his legislative agenda through Congress.

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041 Fear God and Dread Nought

Jul 31st, 201640:17

The launch of HMS Dreadnought sparked multiple naval arms races, most notably in South America. It also intensified the existing race between the United Kingdom and Germany. At the same time, British and Russian diplomats hammer out their own entente.

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040 Moments of Tension

Jul 24th, 201635:45

France has been angling to turn Morocco into a protectorate. The German government decides to interfere, hoping to drive a wedge between France and Britain.

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039 You Are All Wrong

Jul 17th, 201635:22

The Entente Cordiale smoothed relations between Britain and France, but created complications for Britain's relations with Russia and with Germany. Britain makes overtures toward both of those countries, in the hope of repeating its diplomatic success with France, but these early overtures do not go so well.

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038 The Politics of the Future

Jul 10th, 201633:19

After nearly 20 years in power, the Conservatives can no longer keep a lid on changing British society. But the Liberals have to contend with the rise of the Labour Party.

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037 Year of Wonders

Jun 26th, 201642:12

Albert Einstein published four papers in 1905 that turned modern physics upside down and established him as the greatest scientist of the century.

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036 Lessons Learned I

Jun 19th, 201638:15

A review of what lessons we can take away from the war, with an emphasis on what lessons were not learned, to the grief of many.

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035 Mighty Good For Me, Too

Jun 12th, 201640:52

Russia's Second Pacific Squadron finally reaches the western Pacific, and meets a catastrophic end. US President Theodore Roosevelt brokers a peace agreement between Japan and Russia.

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034 We No Longer Have a Czar

Jun 5th, 201640:33

The Japanese fund dissenters in  Russia. A peaceful protest in St. Petersburg becomes "Bloody Sunday." Admiral Rozhdestvensky struggles against the odds to bring his fleet into the Pacific, and the Japanese win the Battle of Mukden, possibly the largest battle in world history, until this time.

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Japanese forces move north and oust Kuropatkin and his armies from Liaoyang. Port Arthur falls after a six-month siege and a bloody assault on 203 Hill.

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032 Red Sun Rising

May 15th, 201645:35

The Japanese First Army defeats the Russians at the Battle of the Yalu River and advances from Korea into Russian-occupied Manchuria. The Japanese Second Army lands on the Liaodong Peninsula and advances north, while the Japanese Third Army moves south to begin the Siege of Port Arthur. Russian commanders quarrel among themselves. The small Russian Vladivostok Squadron proves surprisingly troublesome.

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031 The Ruler of the East

May 8th, 201651:31

Russia has 100,000 soldiers in Manchuria, and is pressuring Japan's interests in Korea. When diplomacy fails, Japan launches as surprise attack on the Russian Pacific Squadron at Port Arthur (Liushunkou).

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030 The Concert of Europe

May 1st, 201637:51

Europe has managed to keep the peace (more or less) for some 85 years now. Remarkably, she has done that with no formal peacekeeping structure; just a willingness among the great powers to come to the negotiating table when necessary. But how long can that last?

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029 Die Waffen Nieder!

Apr 24th, 201638:13

There has not been a general war in Europe since Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo. But military technology has grown frighteningly effective. Is war now obsolete? Is it time to find other ways of resolving differences, or else perish?

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028 What Is Going to Happen to Me?

Apr 17th, 201643:10

A look at Russia during the late 19th century, during the reign of Emperor Alexander III, with a special emphasis on the coming of age of the crown prince and his wedding to Alexandra.

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027 Too Soon to Thank God

Apr 10th, 201642:48

Slavic people occupy half the land area of Europe, and Slav nationalism is going to be a driving force in the history of the 20th century. This episode explains the history of the Slavs, with a special emphasis on the most important Slav nation: Russia.

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026 America's Coming Out Party

Apr 3rd, 201646:49

The 1904 World's Fair helped define America in the 20th century.

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025 I Am the King

Mar 20th, 201642:58

Pablo Picasso begins his career in Paris, the city of the 1900 Exposition and Olympic Games. Turmoil in Morocco gives the French an opportunity to move in, but first they need to come to an understanding with the British.

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024s Documents

Mar 17th, 20169:42

Finley Peter Dunne's Mr. Dooley expounds on international courts, and argues that what we really need is an international police force.

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Roosevelt tours America and runs for re-election. Ugly racial violence erupts in the South. An American citizen is kidnapped in Morocco, and somebody thought, "This would make a great movie."

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023 Making Italians

Mar 6th, 201641:38

The remarkable unification of Italy in the nineteenth century was complete, but the problem of uniting these disparate peoples of the peninsula, who over the course of centuries had grown accustomed to thinking of themselves as different nationalities, into one nation.

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022 La Forza del Destino

Feb 28th, 201642:48

La nascita della Italia moderna

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021 A Man, a Plan, a Canal—Panama!

Feb 21st, 201645:54

We return to the USA to take a look at some more issues facing President Roosevelt. Possible war crimes in the Philippines. Cuban independence. The Colombia Panama Canal. A major coal strike. And, most important, Roosevelt's prospects in the 1904 election.

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020 Heart of Darkness II

Feb 7th, 201638:39

After securing international recognition of his claim to the Congo, King Leopold sets to work to extract as much wealth as he can from the Congo in the most brutal ways imaginable. He is eventually exposed, but walks away a billionaire.

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019 Heart of Darkness I

Jan 31st, 201631:44

King Leopold II of Belgium, having decided his ambitions are far greater than the "small nation of small people" he reigns over, sets out to swindle for himself a colony in Africa.

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018 The Spectre Haunting Europe

Jan 24th, 201639:17

As working class conditions seem to be getting worse instead of better, a new political movement emerges, advocating intervention on behalf of the poor, oppressed, and disenfranchised.

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017 Such a Bully Pulpit

Jan 17th, 201642:18

Theodore Roosevelt becomes President and at once begins turning everything upside down. Scott Joplin writes an opera about it.

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016 Assassin's Creed

Jan 10th, 201634:11

Theodore Roosevelt becomes a war hero, and Vice President of the United States. An anarchist assassin takes the life of the President, William McKinley.

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015 Taels I Win

Jan 3rd, 201642:05

Reinforcements from the Western nations turn the tide in the fight against the Boxers. But will they get to Beijing in time?

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A grassroots uprising against foreigners develops in China in 1900, a result of outrage over Chinese territorial concessions and foreign missionary activity.

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013 The Christian Century

Dec 13th, 201535:15

At the beginning of the 20th century, a fault line develops in Protestantism, especially in the USA, over the role of ancient Scriptures in a modern church.

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012 The Empire Strikes Back

Dec 6th, 201539:21

Frustrated on all fronts, the British mobilize the enormous resources of their Empire in a bid to defeat the Boers once and for all.

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Reminder

Dec 1st, 20150:00

There will be no new episode this week. Check back next week for the conclusion to the Boer War.

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011 Moving Like the Wind

Nov 22nd, 201539:11

The British get the war they want with the Boer republics in South Africa, but the Boers turn out to be more than the British can handle. At first.

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010 Lest We Forget

Nov 15th, 201539:24

Britain is still very much a class-bound society at home and a military power abroad. A look at the state of the Empire in the late 19th century, with a special emphasis on Ireland and South Africa.

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009 Dark Clouds

Nov 8th, 201537:29

What are cathode rays? X-rays? Radioactivity? How old is the Earth? Inquiring minds want to know. Also, in an age when only men can vote, the greatest scientist of the time is a woman. And Polish. Take that, haters!

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008 J'Accuse...!

Nov 1st, 201548:56

France at the turn of the century was rocked by the Dreyfus Affair, where an innocent soldier was convicted of treason, and the Army went to incredible lengths in its refusal to acknowledge what became increasingly obvious.

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007 La Belle Époque

Oct 25th, 201545:27

It was the best of times, it was the worst of times...

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006 White Man's Burden

Oct 18th, 201526:22

As relations between the Americans and the Filipinos degenerate into open combat, the war to liberate Cuba becomes a war to subjugate the Philippines.

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005s Documents

Oct 15th, 20156:31

...and imbued with firm confidence in Divine Providence, we hereby mutually bind ourselves to support this Declaration with our lives, our fortunes, and with our most sacred possession, our Honor....

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005 Islands or Canned Goods

Oct 11th, 201526:57

So, are the US and the Filipino rebels allies or not? When the US and Spain start doing deals, there are no Filipinos at the table.

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004s Documents

Oct 7th, 201521:47

Three documents referenced in this week's podcast on the Spanish-American War: The letter from the Spanish ambassador, McKinley's message to Congress, Joint Congressional Resolution.

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The United States intervenes in the Cuban revolt against Spain. But what does this mean for the Philippines?

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003 Touch Me Not

Sep 27th, 201534:13

This episode looks at the history of the Philippines through the start of the Spanish-American War.

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002 A Place in the Sun

Sep 20th, 201536:23

Germany is pretty much a world leader in everything at the beginning of the 20th century. 13 Nobel Prizes in 10 years. Top that, everyone else!

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